- the cultivation of microorganisms, as bacteria, or of tissues, for scientific study, medicinal use, etc.
- the product or growth resulting from such cultivation.
verb (used with object), cul·tured, cul·tur·ing.
- to grow (microorganisms, tissues, etc.) in or on a controlled or defined medium.
- to introduce (living material) into a culture medium.
- cultural universal,
- culture area,
- culture center,
- culture clash,
- culture complex,
- culture diffusion
Origin of culture
- the experimental growth of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, in a nutrient substance (culture medium), usually under controlled conditionsSee also culture medium
- a group of microorganisms grown in this way
Word Origin for culture
mid-15c., "the tilling of land," from Middle French culture and directly from Latin cultura "a cultivating, agriculture," figuratively "care, culture, an honoring," from past participle stem of colere "tend, guard, cultivate, till" (see cult). The figurative sense of "cultivation through education" is first attested c.1500. Meaning "the intellectual side of civilization" is from 1805; that of "collective customs and achievements of a people" is from 1867.
For without culture or holiness, which are always the gift of a very few, a man may renounce wealth or any other external thing, but he cannot renounce hatred, envy, jealousy, revenge. Culture is the sanctity of the intellect. [William Butler Yeats]
Slang culture vulture is from 1947. Culture shock first recorded 1940.
The sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another. Culture is transmitted, through language, material objects, ritual, institutions, and art, from one generation to the next.