Ireland, Republic of


Country occupying most of the island of Ireland, which it shares with Northern Ireland. Its capital and largest city is Dublin.

notes for Ireland, Republic of

The continuing conflict between Irish Roman Catholics and Protestants began when Henry VIII of England imposed the Protestant Church of Ireland upon a largely Catholic population.

notes for Ireland, Republic of

The Easter Rebellion of 1916, although unsuccessful, became a symbolic impetus for Irish nationalists struggling against British rule.

notes for Ireland, Republic of

In 1918, Catholic nationalists proclaimed an Irish republic, and in 1920, two separate parliaments for Catholic Ireland and Northern Ireland were established.

notes for Ireland, Republic of

A treaty with Britain in 1922 established the Irish Free State. The Republic of Ireland was proclaimed in 1949.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.