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irritated

[ir-i-tey-tid]
See more synonyms for irritated on Thesaurus.com
adjective
  1. angered, provoked, or annoyed.
  2. inflamed or made raw, as a part of the body.
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Origin of irritated

First recorded in 1585–95; irritate + -ed2
Related formsir·ri·tat·ed·ly, adverbun·ir·ri·tat·ed, adjective

irritate

[ir-i-teyt]
verb (used with object), ir·ri·tat·ed, ir·ri·tat·ing.
  1. to excite to impatience or anger; annoy.
  2. Physiology, Biology. to excite (a living system) to some characteristic action or function.
  3. Pathology. to bring (a body part) to an abnormally excited or sensitive condition.
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verb (used without object), ir·ri·tat·ed, ir·ri·tat·ing.
  1. to cause irritation or become irritated.
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Origin of irritate

1525–35; < Latin irrītātus, past participle of irrītāre to arouse to anger, excite, aggravate, equivalent to irritā- v. stem + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsir·ri·ta·tor, noun
Can be confusedaggravate annoy irritate

Synonyms

See more synonyms for irritate on Thesaurus.com
1. vex, chafe, fret, gall; nettle, ruffle, pique; incense, enrage, infuriate, inflame.

Synonym study

1. Irritate, exasperate, provoke mean to annoy or stir to anger. To irritate is to excite to impatience or angry feeling, often of no great depth or duration: to irritate by refusing to explain an action. To exasperate is to irritate to a point where self-control is threatened or lost: to exasperate by continual delays and excuses. To provoke is to stir to a sudden, strong feeling of resentful anger as by unwarrantable acts or wanton annoyance: to tease and provoke an animal until it attacks.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for irritated

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • "You must have something to do," cried Cheppi, in an irritated tone.

    Rico and Wiseli

    Johanna Spyri

  • These Mohmands had neither been irritated nor interfered with in any way.

  • How tense they both had been, how afraid of each other, how she had irritated him!

    Dust

    Mr. and Mrs. Haldeman-Julius

  • She irritated him more and more, not by what she did but by what she was.

    Dust

    Mr. and Mrs. Haldeman-Julius

  • He was irritated, too, by a suspicion of duplicity in the members of the force.

    The Secret Agent

    Joseph Conrad


British Dictionary definitions for irritated

irritate

verb
  1. to annoy or anger (someone)
  2. (tr) biology to stimulate (an organism or part) to respond in a characteristic manner
  3. (tr) pathol to cause (a bodily organ or part) to become excessively stimulated, resulting in inflammation, tenderness, etc
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Derived Formsirritator, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin irrītāre to provoke, exasperate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for irritated

irritate

v.

1530s, "stimulate to action, rouse, incite," from Latin irritatus, past participle of irritare "excite, provoke." An earlier verb form was irrite (mid-15c.), from Old French irriter. Meaning "annoy, make impatient" is from 1590s. Related: Irritated; irritating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper