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isostasy

or i·sos·ta·cy

[ ahy-sos-tuh-see ]
/ aɪˈsɒs tə si /
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noun
Geology. the equilibrium of the earth's crust, a condition in which the forces tending to elevate balance those tending to depress.
the state in which pressures from every side are equal.
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Origin of isostasy

1885–90; iso- + -stasy<Greek -stasia;see stasis, -y3
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

British Dictionary definitions for isostasy

isostasy
/ (aɪˈsɒstəsɪ) /

noun
the state of balance, or equilibrium, which sections of the earth's lithosphere (whether continental or oceanic) are thought ultimately to achieve when the vertical forces upon them remain unchanged. The lithosphere floats upon the semifluid asthenosphere below. If a section of lithosphere is loaded, as by ice, it will slowly subside to a new equilibrium position; if a section of lithosphere is reduced in mass, as by erosion, it will slowly rise to a new equilibrium position

Derived forms of isostasy

isostatic (ˌaɪsəʊˈstætɪk), adjective

Word Origin for isostasy

C19: iso- + -stasy, from Greek stasis a standing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for isostasy

isostasy
[ ī-sŏstə-sē ]

Equilibrium in the Earth's crust, in which an elevated part in one area is counterbalanced by a depressed part in another. Isostasy exists because the Earth's crust is relatively light compared to the denser mantle over which it lies, and therefore behaves as if it is floating. Areas of the Earth's crust rise or subside to accommodate added load (as from a glacier) or diminished load (as from erosion), so that the forces that elevate landmasses balance the forces that depress them.

Other words from isostasy

isostatic adjective (ī′sō-stătĭk)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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