Idioms

    every man jack, everyone without exception: They presented a formidable opposition, every man jack of them.

Origin of jack

1
1350–1400; Middle English jakke, Jakke used in addressing any male, especially a social inferior, variant of Jakken, variant of Jankin, equivalent to Jan John + -kin -kin; extended in sense to anything male, and as a designation for a variety of inanimate objects

jack

2
[jak]

verb (used with object) Slang.

to steal: Some neighborhood kids jacked her car and took it for a joyride.Hackers jacked my email account in a phishing scam.
to rob: He got jacked on his way home from the club.

Origin of jack

2
First recorded in 1930–35; shortening of hijack

jack

3
[jak]

noun

Origin of jack

3
1605–15; < Portuguese jaca < Malayalam cakka

jack

4
[jak]

noun

a defensive coat, usually of leather, worn in medieval times by foot soldiers and others.
a container for liquor, originally of waxed leather coated with tar.

Origin of jack

4
1325–75; Middle English jakke < Middle French jaque(s), jacket, short, plain upper garment, probably after jacques peasant (see Jacquerie)

Jack

[jak]

noun

a male given name, form of Jacob or John.

Lynch

[linch]

noun

JohnJack, 1917–1999, Irish political leader: prime minister 1966–73, 1977–79.

Schmitt

[shmit]

noun

Ber·na·dotte Ev·er·ly [bur-nuh-dot ev-er-lee] /ˈbɜr nəˌdɒt ˈɛv ər li/, 1886–1969, U.S. historian.
Harrison (Ha·gan) [hey-guh n] /ˈheɪ gən/, Jack, born 1935, U.S. astronaut, geologist, and politician: U.S. senator 1977–83.

Teagarden

[tee-gahr-dn]

noun

Wel·don John [wel-dn] /ˈwɛl dn/, Jack, 1905–64, U.S. jazz trombonist and singer.

Brabham

[brab-uh m]

noun

Sir John ArthurJack, 1926–2014, Australian racing-car driver and designer.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for jack

Contemporary Examples of jack

Historical Examples of jack



British Dictionary definitions for jack

jack

1

noun

a man or fellow
a sailor
the male of certain animals, esp of the ass or donkey
a mechanical or hydraulic device for exerting a large force, esp to raise a heavy weight such as a motor vehicle
any of several mechanical devices that replace manpower, such as a contrivance for rotating meat on a spit
one of four playing cards in a pack, one for each suit, bearing the picture of a young prince; knave
bowls a small usually white bowl at which the players aim with their own bowls
electrical engineering a female socket with two or more terminals designed to receive a male plug (jack plug) that either makes or breaks the circuit or circuits
a flag, esp a small flag flown at the bow of a ship indicating the ship's nationalityCompare Union Jack
nautical either of a pair of crosstrees at the head of a topgallant mast used as standoffs for the royal shrouds
a part of the action of a harpsichord, consisting of a fork-shaped device on the end of a pivoted lever on which a plectrum is mounted
any of various tropical and subtropical carangid fishes, esp those of the genus Caranx, such as C. hippos (crevalle jack)
Also called: jackstone one of the pieces used in the game of jacks
US a slang word for money
every man jack everyone without exception
the jack Australian slang venereal disease

adjective

jack of Australian slang tired or fed up with (something)

verb (tr)

to lift or push (an object) with a jack
electrical engineering to connect (an electronic device) with another by means of a jack and a jack plug
Also: jacklight US and Canadian to hunt (fish or game) by seeking them out or dazzling them with a flashlight
See also jack in, jacks, jack up

Word Origin for jack

C16 jakke, variant of Jankin, diminutive of John

jack

2

jak

noun

short for jackfruit

Word Origin for jack

C17: from Portuguese jaca; see jackfruit

jack

3

noun

a short sleeveless coat of armour of the Middle Ages, consisting usually of a canvas base with metal plates
archaic a drinking vessel, often of leather

Word Origin for jack

C14: from Old French jaque, of uncertain origin

Jack

noun

I'm all right, Jack British informal
  1. a remark indicating smug and complacent selfishness
  2. (as modifier)an ``I'm all right, Jack'' attitude

Brabham

noun

Sir John Arthur, known as Jack . born 1926, Australian motor-racing driver: Formula One world champion 1959, 1960, and 1966

lynch

verb

(tr) (of a mob) to punish (a person) for some supposed offence by hanging without a trial
Derived Formslyncher, nounlynching, noun

Word Origin for lynch

probably after Charles Lynch (1736–96), Virginia justice of the peace, who presided over extralegal trials of Tories during the American War of Independence

Lynch

noun

David. born 1946, US film director; his work includes the films Eraserhead (1977), Blue Velvet (1986), Wild at Heart (1990), Mulholland Drive (2001), and Inland Empire (2006), and the television series Twin Peaks (1990)
John, known as Jack Lynch. 1917–99, Irish statesman; prime minister of the Republic of Ireland (1966–73; 1977–79)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for jack

Jack

masc. proper name, 1218, probably an anglicization of Old French Jacques (which was a diminutive of Latin Jacobus; see Jacob), but in English the name always has been associated with Johan, Jan "John," and some have argued that it is a native formation.

Alliterative coupling of Jack and Jill is from 15c. (Ienken and Iulyan). In England, applied familiarly or contemptuously to anybody (especially one of the lower classes) from late 14c. Later used especially of sailors (1650s; Jack-tar is from 1781). In U.S., as a generic name addressed to an unknown stranger, attested from 1889.

n.

late 14c., jakke "a mechanical device," from the masc. name Jack. The proper name was used in Middle English for "any common fellow" (mid-14c.), and thereafter extended to various appliances replacing servants (1570s). Used generically of men (jack-of-all-trades, 1610s), male animals (1620s, see jackass, jackdaw, etc.), and male personifications (1520s, e.g. Jack Frost, 1826).

As the name of a device for pulling off boots, from 1670s. The jack in a pack of playing cards (1670s) is in German Bauer "peasant." Jack shit "nothing at all" is attested by 1968, U.S. slang. The plant jack-in-the-pulpit is attested by 1837. Jack the Ripper was active in London 1888. The jack of Union Jack is a nautical term for "small flag at the bow of a ship" (1630s).

v.

1860, jack up "hoist, raise," American English, from the noun (see jack (n.)). Figurative sense "increase (prices, etc.)" is 1904, American English. Related: Jacked; jacking. Jack off (v.) "to masturbate" is attested from 1916, probably from jack (n.) in the sense of "penis."

lynch

v.

1835, from earlier Lynch law (1811), likely named after William Lynch (1742-1820) of Pittsylvania, Virginia, who c.1780 led a vigilance committee to keep order there during the Revolution. Other sources trace the name to Charles Lynch (1736-1796) a Virginia magistrate who fined and imprisoned Tories in his district c.1782, but the connection to him is less likely. Originally any sort of summary justice, especially by flogging; narrowing of focus to "extralegal execution by hanging" is 20c. Lynch mob is attested from 1838. The surname is perhaps from Irish Loingseach "sailor." Cf. earlier Lydford law, from a place in Dartmoor, England, "where was held a Stannaries Court of summary jurisdiction" [Weekley], hence:

Lydford law: is to hang men first, and indite them afterwards. [Thomas Blount, "Glossographia," 1656]

Related: Lynched; lynching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with jack

jack

In addition to the idioms beginning with jack

  • jack off
  • jack up

also see:

  • before you can say Jack Robinson
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.