[hoist or, sometimes, hahyst]

verb (used with object)

to raise or lift, especially by some mechanical appliance: to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail.
to raise to one's lips and drink; drink (especially beer or whiskey) with gusto: Let's go hoist a few beers.
Archaic. a simple past tense and past participle of hoise.



    hoist by/with one's own petard. petard(def 4).

Origin of hoist

1540–50; later variant of hoise, with -t as in against, etc.
Related formshoist·er, nounun·hoist·ed, adjective

Synonyms for hoist

1. elevate. See raise.

Antonyms for hoist

1. lower.



verb (used with object), hoised or hoist, hois·ing. Archaic.

to hoist.

Origin of hoise

1500–10; compare earlier hissa a cry used in hauling, and huzzah
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for hoist

Contemporary Examples of hoist

Historical Examples of hoist

British Dictionary definitions for hoist



(tr) to raise or lift up, esp by mechanical means
hoist with one's own petard See petard (def. 2)


any apparatus or device for hoisting
the act of hoisting
  1. the amidships height of a sail bent to the yard with which it is hoistedCompare drop (def. 15)
  2. the difference between the set and lowered positions of this yard
nautical the length of the luff of a fore-and-aft sail
nautical a group of signal flags
the inner edge of a flag next to the staffCompare fly 1 (def. 25)
Derived Formshoister, noun

Word Origin for hoist

C16: variant of hoise, probably from Low German; compare Dutch hijschen, German hissen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hoist

1540s, "to raise," earlier hoise (c.1500), probably originally past tense of Middle English hysse (late 15c.), which is probably from Middle Dutch hyssen (Dutch hijsen) "to hoist," related to Low German hissen and Old Norse hissa upp "raise." A nautical word found in most European languages (e.g. French hisser, Italian issare, Spanish izar), but it is uncertain which had it first. Related: Hoisted; hoisting. In phrase hoist with one's own petard, it is the past participle.

For 'tis the sport, to have the engineer
Hoist with his own petar: and it shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines,
And blow them at the moon: O 'tis most sweet,
When in one line two crafts directly meet.
["Hamlet," Act III, Scene iv]

Meaning "to lift and remove" was prevalent c.1550-1750. As a noun, 1650s, from the verb.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper