[ hoist or, sometimes, hahyst ]
See synonyms for: hoisthoisted on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object)
  1. to raise or lift, especially by some mechanical appliance: to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail.

  2. to raise to one's lips and drink; drink (especially beer or whiskey) with gusto: Let's go hoist a few beers.

  1. Archaic. a simple past tense and past participle of hoise.

  1. an apparatus for hoisting, as a block and tackle, a derrick, or a crane.

  2. act of hoisting; a lift: Give that sofa a hoist at your end.

  1. Nautical.

    • the vertical dimension amidships of any square sail that is hoisted with a yard.: Compare drop (def. 31).

    • the distance between the hoisted and the lowered position of such a yard.

    • the dimension of a fore-and-aft sail along the luff.

    • a number of flags raised together as a signal.

  2. (on a flag)

    • the vertical dimension as flown from a vertical staff.

    • the edge running next to the staff.: Compare fly2 (def. 30b).

Idioms about hoist

  1. hoist by / with one's own petard. petard (def. 4).

Origin of hoist

First recorded in 1540–50; later variant of hoise, with -t as in against, etc.

synonym study For hoist

1. See raise.

Other words for hoist

Opposites for hoist

Other words from hoist

  • hoister, noun
  • un·hoist·ed, adjective

Words Nearby hoist

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use hoist in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for hoist


/ (hɔɪst) /

  1. (tr) to raise or lift up, esp by mechanical means

  2. hoist with one's own petard See petard (def. 2)

  1. any apparatus or device for hoisting

  2. the act of hoisting

  1. nautical

    • the amidships height of a sail bent to the yard with which it is hoisted: Compare drop (def. 15)

    • the difference between the set and lowered positions of this yard

  2. nautical the length of the luff of a fore-and-aft sail

  3. nautical a group of signal flags

  4. the inner edge of a flag next to the staff: Compare fly 1 (def. 25)

Origin of hoist

C16: variant of hoise, probably from Low German; compare Dutch hijschen, German hissen

Derived forms of hoist

  • hoister, noun

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012