jar

1
[jahr]

noun

a broad-mouthed container, usually cylindrical and of glass or earthenware: a cookie jar.
the quantity such a container can or does hold.

Origin of jar

1
1585–95; < Middle French jarre < Old Provençal jarra < Arabic jarrah earthen water vessel
Related formsjar·less, adjective

jar

2
[jahr]

verb (used without object), jarred, jar·ring.

to have a harshly unpleasant or perturbing effect on one's nerves, feelings, thoughts, etc.: The sound of the alarm jarred.
to produce a harsh, grating sound; sound discordantly.
to vibrate audibly; rattle: The window jarred in the frame.
to vibrate or shake.
to conflict, clash, or disagree.

verb (used with object), jarred, jar·ring.

to cause to rattle or shake.
to have a sudden and unpleasant effect upon (the feelings, nerves, etc.): The burglary violently jarred their sense of security.
to cause to sound harshly or discordantly.

noun

a jolt or shake; a vibrating movement, as from concussion.
a sudden unpleasant effect upon the mind or feelings; shock.
a harsh, grating sound.
a discordant sound or combination of sounds.
a quarrel or disagreement, especially a minor one.

Origin of jar

2
1520–30; probably imitative; cf. chirr
Related formsjar·ring·ly, adverbun·jarred, adjectiveun·jar·ring, adjective

jar

3
[jahr]

noun

Archaic. a turn or turning.

Idioms

    on the jar, partly opened; ajar: The window was on the jar.

Origin of jar

3
1665–75; variant of char3; cf. ajar2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


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British Dictionary definitions for jar

jar

1

noun

a wide-mouthed container that is usually cylindrical, made of glass or earthenware, and without handles
Also: jarful the contents or quantity contained in a jar
British informal a glass of alcoholic drink, esp beerto have a jar with someone
obsolete a measure of electrical capacitance

Word Origin for jar

C16: from Old French jarre, from Old Provençal jarra, from Arabic jarrah large earthen vessel

jar

2

verb jars, jarring or jarred

to vibrate or cause to vibrate
to make or cause to make a harsh discordant sound
(often foll by on) to have a disturbing or painful effect (on the nerves, mind, etc)
(intr) to disagree; clash

noun

a jolt or shock
a harsh discordant sound
Derived Formsjarring, adjectivejarringly, adverb

Word Origin for jar

C16: probably of imitative origin; compare Old English cearran to creak

jar

3

noun

on a jar or on the jar (of a door) slightly open; ajar

Word Origin for jar

C17 (in the sense: turn): from earlier char, from Old English cierran to turn; see ajar 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for jar
v.

1520s, "to make a harsh, grating sound," usually said to be echoic or imitative, but no one explains how, or of what. Figurative sense of "have an unpleasant effect on" is from 1530s; that of "cause to vibrate or shake" is from 1560s. Related: Jarred; jarring.

n.

"cylindrical vessel," early 15c., possibly from Middle French jarre "liquid measure" (smaller than a barrel), 12c., from Provençal jarra, from Arabic jarrah "earthen water vessel" (whence also Spanish jarra, Italian giarra) [Klein].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper