[ kal-vin ]
/ ˈkæl vɪn /
JohnJean Chauvin or Caulvin, 1509–64, French theologian and reformer in Switzerland: leader in the Protestant Reformation.
Melvin,1911–97, U.S. chemist: Nobel Prize 1961.
a male given name: from a Latin word meaning “bald.”
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for john calvin
/ (ˈkælvɪn) /
John, original name Jean Cauvin, Caulvin, or Chauvin. 1509–64, French theologian: a leader of the Protestant Reformation in France and Switzerland, establishing the first presbyterian government in Geneva. His theological system is described in his Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536)
Melvin. 1911–97, US chemist, noted particularly for his research on photosynthesis: Nobel prize for chemistry 1961
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for john calvin
John Calvin (1509-1564), Protestant leader, born Jean Caulvin, the surname related to French Chauvin (cf. chauvinism), from Latin calvus "bald," from PIE *kle-wo- "bald."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Science definitions for john calvin
[ kăl′vĭn ]
American chemist who won a Nobel Prize in 1961 for determining the chemical reactions that occur during photosynthesis. This series of reactions is now known as the Calvin cycle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.