verb (used with object), judged, judg·ing.

verb (used without object), judged, judg·ing.

Origin of judge

1175–1225; (v.) Middle English jugen < Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier < Latin jūdicāre to judge, equivalent to jūdic- (stem of jūdex) a judge + -āre infinitive suffix; (noun) Middle English juge < Old French < Latin jūdicem, accusative of jūdex
Related formsjudge·a·ble, adjectivejudg·er, nounjudge·less, adjectivejudge·like, adjectivejudge·ship, nounjudg·ing·ly, adverbre·judge, verb, re·judged, re·judg·ing.sub·judge, nounsub·judge·ship, nounun·der·judge, verb (used with object), un·der·judged, un·der·judg·ing.un·der·judge, nounun·judge·a·ble, adjectiveun·judged, adjectiveun·judge·like, adjectiveun·judg·ing, adjectivewell-judged, adjective
Can be confusedjudge justice (see synonym study at the current entry)

Synonyms for judge

1. justice. 2. arbitrator. Judge, referee, umpire refer to one who is entrusted with decisions affecting others. Judge, in its legal and other uses, implies particularly that one has qualifications and authority for giving decisions in matters at issue: a judge appointed to the Supreme Court; a judge in the pie competition. A referee usually examines and reports on the merits of a case as an aid to a court. An umpire gives the final ruling when arbitrators of a case disagree. 3. connoisseur, critic. 10. determine, consider, regard. 13. adjudge, adjudicate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for judgeship

Contemporary Examples of judgeship

Historical Examples of judgeship

British Dictionary definitions for judgeship



the position, office, or function of a judge



a public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce judgment upon themCompare magistrate (def. 1), justice (def. 5), justice (def. 6) Related adjective: judicial
a person who is appointed to determine the result of contests or competitions
a person qualified to comment criticallya good judge of antiques
a leader of the peoples of Israel from Joshua's death to the accession of Saul


to hear and decide upon (a case at law)
(tr) to pass judgment on; sentence
(when tr, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to decide or deem (something) after inquiry or deliberation
to determine the result of (a contest or competition)
to appraise (something) critically
(tr; takes a clause as object) to believe (something) to be the case; suspect
Derived Formsjudgeable, adjectivejudgeless, adjectivejudgelike, adjectivejudger, nounjudgingly, adverb

Word Origin for judge

C14: from Old French jugier, from Latin jūdicāre to pass judgment, from jūdex a judge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for judgeship

1670s, from judge (n.) + -ship.



mid-14c. (early 13c. as a surname), also judge-man; see judge (v.). In Hebrew history, it refers to a war leader vested with temporary power (e.g. Book of Judges), from Latin iudex being used to translate Hebrew shophet.



c.1300, "to form an opinion about; make a decision," also "to try and pronounce sentence upon (someone) in a court," from Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier "to judge, pronounce judgment; pass an opinion on," from Latin iudicare "to judge, to examine officially; form an opinion upon; pronounce judgment," from iudicem (nominative iudex) "a judge," a compound of ius "right, law" (see just (adj.)) + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Related: Judged; judging. From mid-14c. as "to regard, consider." The Old English word was deman (see doom). Spelling with -dg- emerged mid-15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with judgeship


In addition to the idiom beginning with judge

  • judge a book by its cover, one can't

also see:

  • sober as a judge

Also seejudgment.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.