- any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH3COCH3 or CH3COC2H5.
- containing the ketone group.
Origin of ketone
1850–55; < German Keton, aphetic alteration of Aceton acetone
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for ketonic
That the amino-acids actually yield the corresponding -ketonic acids when treated with yeast and sugar solution.Alcoholic Fermentation
The reactions of cellulose certainly indicate that the CO- group is ketonic rather than aldehydic.Researches on Cellulose
C. F. Cross
Among organic bodies the phenomenon is particularly well marked with the ketonic compounds and others of the same type.
It unites with aldehydes to form esters of ketonic acids, and with aniline yields anilido-acetic acid.
- any of a class of compounds with the general formula R′COR, where R and R′ are alkyl or aryl groupsSee also acetone
C19: from German Keton, from Aketon acetone
Word Origin and History for ketonic
chemical group, 1851, from German keton, coined in 1848 by German chemist Leopold Gmelin (1788-1853) from German Aketon, from French acétone (see acetone). Its comb. form is keto-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Any of a class of organic compounds having the general formula RCOR′, where R and R′ are hydrocarbon radicals that are both attached to the carbon atom of the carbonyl (CO) group. Acetone is a ketone.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.