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kindred

[kin-drid]
noun
  1. a person's relatives collectively; kinfolk; kin.
  2. a group of persons related to another; family, tribe, or clan.
  3. relationship by birth or descent, or sometimes by marriage; kinship.
  4. natural relationship; affinity.
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adjective
  1. associated by origin, nature, qualities, etc.: kindred languages.
  2. having the same belief, attitude, or feeling: We are kindred spirits on the issue of gun control.
  3. related by birth or descent; having kinship: kindred tribes.
  4. belonging to kin or relatives: kindred blood.
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Origin of kindred

1125–75; Middle English, variant (with epenthetic d) of kinrede. See kin, -red
Related formskin·dred·less, adjectivekin·dred·ness, nounkin·dred·ship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for kindred-ship

kindred

adjective
  1. having similar or common qualities, origin, etc
  2. related by blood or marriage
  3. kindred spirit a person with whom one has something in common
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noun
  1. relationship by blood
  2. similarity in character
  3. a person's relatives collectively
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Derived Formskindredness or kindredship, noun

Word Origin for kindred

C12 kinred, from kin + -red, from Old English rǣden rule, from rǣdan to rule
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for kindred-ship

kindred

n.

c.1200, kinraden, compound of kin (q.v.) + -rede, from Old English ræden "condition, rule," related to rædan "to advise, rule" (see read (v.)). With intrusive -d- (17c.) probably for phonetic reasons (cf. thunder) but perhaps encouraged by kind (n.). As an adjective, 1520s, from the noun.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

kindred-ship in Medicine

kindred

(kĭndrĭd)
n.
  1. A group of related persons, such as a clan or tribe.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.