red

1
[red]
See more synonyms for red on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. any of various colors resembling the color of blood; the primary color at one extreme end of the visible spectrum, an effect of light with a wavelength between 610 and 780 nanometers.
  2. something red.
  3. (often initial capital letter) Older Slang: Usually Disparaging. a radical leftist in politics, especially a Communist.
  4. Informal. red light(def 1).
  5. Informal. red wine: a glass of red.
  6. Also called red devil, red bird. Slang. a capsule of the drug secobarbital, usually red in color.
adjective, red·der, red·dest.
  1. of the color red.
  2. having distinctive areas or markings of red: a red robin.
  3. of or indicating a state of financial loss or indebtedness: the red column in the ledger.
  4. Older Slang: Usually Disparaging.
    1. radically left politically.
    2. (often initial capital letter)communist: Red China.
  5. Older Use: Disparaging and Offensive. relating to, noting, or characteristic of North American Indian peoples.
Idioms
  1. in the red, operating at a loss or being in debt (opposed to in the black): The newspaper strike put many businesses in the red.
  2. paint the town red. paint(def 16).
  3. see red, Informal. to become very angry; become enraged: Snobs make her see red.

Origin of red

1
before 900; Middle English red, Old English rēad; cognate with German rot, Dutch rood, Old Norse raudhr, Latin rūfus, ruber, Greek erythrós; see rubella, rufescent, erythro-
Related formsred·ly, adverb

red

2
[red]
verb (used with object), red, red·ding.
  1. redd1.

Red

[red]
noun
  1. a male or female given name.
  2. a nickname typically given to someone with red hair.

redd

1

or red

[red]
verb (used with object), redd or redd·ed, redd·ing. Northern and Midland U.S.
  1. to put in order; tidy: to redd a room for company.
  2. to clear: to redd the way.

Origin of redd

1
before 900; apparently conflation of 2 words: Middle English (Scots) reden to clear, clean up (a space, land), Old English gerǣdan to put in order (cognate with Middle Dutch, Middle Low German rêden, reiden; akin to ready); and Middle English (Scots) redden to rid, free, clear, Old English hreddan to save, deliver, rescue (cognate with Old Frisian hredda, German retten)

red-

  1. variant of re- before a vowel or h in some words: redintegrate.

-red

  1. a native English suffix, denoting condition, formerly used in the formation of nouns: hatred; kindred.

Origin of -red

Middle English -rede, Old English -rǣden

Grange

[greynj]
noun
  1. HaroldRedthe Galloping Ghost, 1903–1991, U.S. football player.

Auerbach

[ou-er-bahk, our-; for 2 also German ou-uhr-bahkh]
noun
  1. ArnoldRed, 1917–2006, U.S. basketball coach and manager.
  2. Ber·thold [ber-tohlt] /ˈbɛr toʊlt/, 1812–82, German novelist.

Skelton

[skel-tn]
noun
  1. John,c1460–1529, English poet.
  2. Richard BernardRed, 1913–97, U.S. actor and comedian.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for red

Contemporary Examples of red

Historical Examples of red

  • The ball of red fire in the west was half below the rim of the distant peak.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Yes, the bathing-suit does have little touches of red, and red—but this will never do.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • On our way Tommy Windich shot a red kangaroo, which we carried to camp.

  • But Andrew, with the chestnut running like a red flash beneath him, had vanished.

  • "I'll forget my right hand sooner," said the big, red man calmly.


British Dictionary definitions for red

red

1
noun
  1. any of a group of colours, such as that of a ripe tomato or fresh blood, that lie at one end of the visible spectrum, next to orange, and are perceived by the eye when light in the approximate wavelength range 740–620 nanometres falls on the retina. Red is the complementary colour of cyan and forms a set of primary colours with blue and greenRelated adjectives: rubicund, ruddy
  2. a pigment or dye of or producing these colours
  3. red cloth or clothingdressed in red
  4. a red ball in snooker, billiards, etc
  5. (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being black
  6. Also called: inner archery a red ring on a target, between the blue and the gold, scoring seven points
  7. in the red informal in debit; owing money
  8. see red informal to become very angry
adjective redder or reddest
  1. of the colour red
  2. reddish in colour or having parts or marks that are reddishred hair; red deer
  3. having the face temporarily suffused with blood, being a sign of anger, shame, etc
  4. (of the complexion) rosy; florid
  5. (of the eyes) bloodshot
  6. (of the hands) stained with blood, as after committing murder
  7. bloody or violentred revolution
  8. (of wine) made from black grapes and coloured by their skins
  9. denoting the highest degree of urgency in an emergency; used by the police and the army and informally (esp in the phrase red alert)
  10. US relating to, supporting, or representing the Republican PartyCompare blue (def. 24)
verb reds, redding or redded
  1. another word for redden
Derived Formsredly, adverbredness, noun

Word Origin for red

Old English rēad; compare Old High German rōt, Gothic rauths, Latin ruber, Greek eruthros, Sanskrit rohita

red

2
verb reds, redding, red or redded
  1. (tr) a variant spelling of redd 1

Red

adjective
  1. Communist, Socialist, or Soviet
  2. radical, leftist, or revolutionary
noun
  1. a member or supporter of a Communist or Socialist Party or a national of a state having such a government, esp the former Soviet Union
  2. a radical, leftist, or revolutionary

Word Origin for Red

C19: from the colour chosen to symbolize revolutionary socialism

Auerbach

noun
  1. Frank (Helmuth). born 1931, British painter, born in Germany, noted esp for his use of impasto

grange

noun
  1. mainly British a farm, esp a farmhouse or country house with its various outbuildings
  2. history an outlying farmhouse in which a religious establishment or feudal lord stored crops and tithes in kind
  3. archaic a granary or barn

Word Origin for grange

C13: from Anglo-French graunge, from Medieval Latin grānica, from Latin grānum grain

Grange

noun (in the US)
  1. the Grange an association of farmers that strongly influenced state legislatures in the late 19th century
  2. a lodge of this association

Skelton

noun
  1. John. ?1460–1529, English poet celebrated for his short rhyming lines using the rhythms of colloquial speech
Derived FormsSkeltonic, adjective

redd

1

red

Scot and Northern English dialect
verb redds, redding, redd or redded
  1. (tr often foll by up) to bring order to; tidy (up)
noun
  1. the act or an instance of redding
Derived Formsredder, noun

Word Origin for redd

C15 redden to clear, perhaps a variant of rid

redd

2
noun
  1. a hollow in sand or gravel on a river bed, scooped out as a spawning place by salmon, trout, or other fish

Word Origin for redd

C17 (originally: spawn): of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for red
adj.1

Old English read "red," from Proto-Germanic *rauthaz (cf. Old Norse rauðr, Danish rød, Old Saxon rod, Old Frisian rad, Middle Dutch root, Dutch rood, German rot, Gothic rauþs). As a noun from mid-13c.

The Germanic words are from PIE root *reudh- "red, ruddy" (cf. Latin ruber, also dialectal rufus "light red," mostly of hair; Greek erythros; Sanskrit rudhira-; Avestan raoidita-; Old Church Slavonic rudru, Polish rumiany, Russian rumjanyj "flushed, red," of complexions, etc.; Lithuanian raudas; Old Irish ruad, Welsh rhudd, Breton ruz "red"). The only color for which a definite common PIE root word has been found. The initial -e- in the Greek word is because Greek tends to avoid beginning words with -r-.

Along with dead, bread (n.), lead (n.1), the vowel shortened in Middle English. The surname Read/Reid retains the original Old English long vowel pronunciation and is the corresponding surname to Brown-, Black, White.

The color designation of Native Americans in English from 1580s. The color as characteristic of "British possessions" on a map is attested from 1885. Red-white-and-blue in reference to American patriotism, from the colors of the flag, is from 1840; in a British context, in reference to the Union flag, 1852. The red flag was used as a symbol of defiance in battle on land or sea from c.1600. To see red "get angry" is an American English expression first recorded 1898. Red rover, the children's game, attested from 1891. Red light as a sign to stop is from 1849, long before traffic signals. As the sign of a brothel, it is attested from 1899. As a children's game (in reference to the traffic light meaning) it is recorded from 1953.

Red-letter day (late 14c.) was originally a saint's day, marked on church calendars in red letters. Red ball signifying "express" in railroad jargon is 1904, originally (1899) a system of moving and tracking freight cars. Red dog, type of U.S. football pass rush, is recorded from 1959. Red meat is from 1808. Red shift in spectography is first recorded 1923. Red carpet "sumptuous welcome" is from 1934, but the custom for dignitaries is described as far back as Aeschylus ("Agamemnon"); it also was the name of a type of English moth.

adj.2

"Bolshevik," 1917, from red (adj.1), the color they adopted for themselves. Association in Europe of red with revolutionary politics (on notion of blood and violence) is from at least 1297, but got a boost 1793 with adoption of the red Phrygian cap (French bonnet rouge) as symbol of the French Revolution. First specific political reference in English was 1848 (adj.), in news reports of the Second French Republic (a.k.a. Red Republic). Red China is from 1934. The noun meaning "radical, communist" is from 1851.

grange

n.

"small farm," mid-15c.; mid-13c. in place names (and cf. granger), from Anglo-French graunge, Old French grange "barn, granary; farmstead, farm house" (12c.), from Medieval Latin or Vulgar Latin granica "barn or shed for keeping grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). Sense evolved to "outlying farm" (late 14c.), then "country house" (1550s). Meaning "local lodge of the Patrons of Husbandry" (a U.S. agricultural interest promotion organization) is from 1867.

redd

v.

early 15c., "to clear" (a space, etc.), from Old English hreddan "to save, free from, deliver, recover, rescue," from Proto-Germanic *hradjan. Sense evolution tended to merge with unrelated rid. Also possibly influenced by Old English rædan "to arrange," related to Old English geræde, source of ready (adj.).

A dialect word in Scotland and northern England, where it has had senses of "to fix" (boundaries), "to comb" (hair), "to separate" (combatants), "to settle" (a quarrel). The exception to the limited use is the meaning "to put in order, to make neat or trim" (1718), especially in redd up, which is in general use in England and the U.S. Use of the same phrase, in the same sense, in Pennsylvania Dutch may be from cognate Low German and Dutch redden, obviously connected historically to the English word, "but the origin and relationship of the forms is not clear" [OED].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with red

red

In addition to the idioms beginning with red

  • red carpet
  • red cent
  • red herring
  • red in the face, be
  • red tape

also see:

  • catch red-handed
  • in the red
  • not worth a dime (red cent)
  • paint the town red
  • see red
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.