• synonyms


  1. Gus·tav Ro·bert [goo s-tahf roh-bert] /ˈgʊs tɑf ˈroʊ bɛrt/, 1824–87, German physicist.
Show More
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for kirchhoff

Historical Examples

  • But Kirchhoff's claims are unaffected by these circumstances.

    Fragments of science, V. 1-2

    John Tyndall

  • Kirchhoff dated the 'later redaction' of the Odyssey between Ol.

    The Heroic Age

    H. Munro Chadwick

  • Thus Foucault, in 1849, came to the verge of Kirchhoff's discovery.

  • The slow assent of physicists to Kirchhoff's dictum now becomes intelligible.

  • It was in 1859 that Kirchhoff and Bunsen first expounded to the world the true meaning of the dark lines in the solar spectrum.

British Dictionary definitions for kirchhoff


  1. Gustav Robert (ˈɡʊstaf ˈroːbɛrt). 1824–87, German physicist. With Bunsen he developed the method of spectrum analysis that led to their discovery of caesium (1860) and rubidium (1861): also worked on electrical networks
Show More
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

kirchhoff in Science


  1. German chemist who with Robert Bunsen discovered the elements cesium and rubidium. He also investigated the solar spectrum and researched electrical circuits and the flow of currents. His electromagnetic theory of diffraction is still the most commonly used in optics.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.