know-nothing

[noh-nuhth-ing]
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noun
  1. an ignorant or totally uninformed person; ignoramus.
  2. an agnostic.
  3. (initial capital letters) U.S. History. a member of a political party (American party or Know-Nothing party) prominent from 1853 to 1856, whose aim was to keep control of the government in the hands of native-born citizens: so called because members originally professed ignorance of the party's activities.
  4. a person whose anti-intellectualism, xenophobia, and other political attitudes recall the Know-Nothings.
adjective
  1. grossly ignorant; totally uninformed.
  2. agnostic.
  3. (initial capital letters) of or relating to the Know-Nothings.
  4. of or relating to a political know-nothing.

Origin of know-nothing

First recorded in 1815–25
Related formsknow-noth·ing·ism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for know-nothings

fool, dunce, idiot, blockhead, imbecile, moron, dimwit, know-nothing, numbskull

Examples from the Web for know-nothings

Contemporary Examples of know-nothings

Historical Examples of know-nothings


British Dictionary definitions for know-nothings

know-nothing

noun
  1. informal, derogatory an ignorant person
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for know-nothings

know-nothing

n.

"ignoramus," 1827, from know + nothing. As a U.S. nativist political party, active 1853-56, the name refers to the secret society at the core of the party, about which members were instructed to answer, if asked about it, that they "know nothing." The party eventually merged into the Republican Party.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

know-nothings in Culture

Know-Nothings

A party opposed to the holding of public office by immigrants or Roman Catholics. The Know-Nothings, also known as “nativists,” insisted that only true, “native” Americans should serve in the government. The party was quite successful in the 1850s but split over the slavery question. Its official name was the American party. It picked up the “Know-Nothing” tag because its members, maintaining secrecy about the party's activities, customarily answered questions with, “I know nothing.”

Note

Today, the term know-nothing is usually applied to bigots.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.