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kurgan

[ koor-gahn, -gan ]
/ kʊərˈgɑn, -ˈgæn /
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noun
a circular burial mound constructed over a pit grave and often containing grave vessels, weapons, and the bodies of horses as well as a single human body; originally in use in the Russian Steppes but later spreading into eastern, central, and northern Europe in the third millennium b.c.
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Origin of kurgan

1885–90; <Russian kurgán burial mound, Old Russian, apparently to be identified with kurganŭ fortress <Turkic; compare Turkish, Tatar kurğan, Chagatai, Kazakh korğan fortress, castle

Other definitions for kurgan (2 of 2)

Kurgan
[ koor-gahn; Russian koor-gahn ]
/ kʊərˈgɑn; Russian kurˈgɑn /

noun
a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, near the Ural Mountains.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use kurgan in a sentence

  • From Mir we proceeded to the Kette Kurgan ('great fortress').

  • An occasional kurgan rising up here and there in the Steppe is the sole sign that it was once inhabited by a people.

  • These people buried their dead in barrows, or kurgans, and for this reason they have been called Kurgan people.

  • Sergi states that it varies from 65 to 81, but it seems likely that among his collection of kurgan skulls are some of other types.

British Dictionary definitions for kurgan

Kurgan
/ (Russian kurˈɡan) /

noun
a city in W Russia, on the Tobol River: industrial centre for an agricultural region. Pop: 344 000 (2005 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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