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Example sentences from the Web for lavoisier
As for her father, he lived to marry a second widow, the brilliant and distinguished woman who had been the wife of Lavoisier.The Galaxy, April, 1877|Various
Lavoisier had ascribed this heat to the oxidation of the food.Fragments of science, V. 1-2|John Tyndall
An income of six thousand a year out of her own property was secured to Madame Lavoisier.The Royal Institution|Bence Jones
Lavoisier had given it, indeed, the name oxygen (acid-producer) on that supposition.An Introduction to the History of Science|Walter Libby
Two years later, at the age of thirty-five, Lavoisier was admitted a member of the Academy.A History of Science, Volume 4(of 5)|Henry Smith Williams
British Dictionary definitions for lavoisier
Scientific definitions for lavoisier
See Notes at oxygen Priestley.
Antoine Lavoisier's superior organizational skills made it possible for him to interpret and extend the research of other scientists, leading to the important experiments and discoveries that designate him as one of the founders of modern chemistry. He introduced a rigorous experimental approach to the field based on the determination of the weights of reagents and products in chemical reactions. In his Elementary Treatise of Chemistry, published in 1789, he presented a systematic and unified view of new theories and established a system of nomenclature for chemical compounds. His classification of substances laid the foundation for the modern distinction between chemicals and compounds. Lavoisier also disproved the longstanding phlogiston theory of combustion, which for centuries held that a substance called phlogiston, a volatile part of all combustible substances, was released during the process of combustion. By repeating the experiments of Joseph Priestley, Lavoisier demonstrated that during combustion the burning substance combines with a constituent of the air, the gas he named oxygen. He also described the role of oxygen in the respiration of both animals and plants, and he proved that water is made up of oxygen and hydrogen.