any infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania.
- Also leish·man·i·o·sis [leesh-man-ee-oh-sis, -mey-nee-, lahysh-]. /liʃˌmæn iˈoʊ sɪs, -ˌmeɪ ni-, laɪʃ-/.
- Compare kala-azar.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use leishmaniasis in a sentence
While her family’s ordeal has ended, scientists say the story of leishmaniasis in the US is just beginning.
In 2007, the World Health Organization added leishmaniasis to the list of neglected tropical diseases, which mainly affect the word’s poor and do not receive much attention.
Bridget McIlwee, an Illinois-based dermatologist, has treated patients who contracted leishmaniasis in Texas.
That is, until the wound on Gaither’s knee worsened and, armed with research papers, she convinced her own physician to test a biopsy for leishmaniasis.
Between 1903 and 1996, only 27 cases of locally-acquired leishmaniasis were reported in the US.
It is commonly known as "Kala-azar," or "dum-dum" fever, and more technically as tropical leishmaniasis.Handbook of Medical Entomology | William Albert Riley
British Dictionary definitions for leishmaniasis
any disease, such as kala-azar, caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for leishmaniasis
An infection or disease caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sand flies and characterized by skin ulcerations or an acute illness marked by fever, anemia, and enlargement of the liver and spleen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.