[ leesh-muh-nahy-uh-sis, lahysh- ]
/ ˌliʃ məˈnaɪ ə sɪs, ˌlaɪʃ- /

noun Pathology.

any infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania.
Also leish·man·i·o·sis [leesh-man-ee-oh-sis, -mey-nee-, lahysh-] /liʃˌmæn iˈoʊ sɪs, -ˌmeɪ ni-, laɪʃ-/.
Compare kala-azar.

Origin of leishmaniasis

First recorded in 1910–15; leishman(ia) + -iasis
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for leishmaniasis


leishmaniosis (liːʃˌmeɪnɪˈəʊsɪs, -ˌmæn-)

/ (ˌliːʃməˈnaɪəsɪs) /


any disease, such as kala-azar, caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for leishmaniasis


[ lēsh′mə-nīə-sĭs ]


An infection caused by the flagellated protozoa of the genus Leishmania transmitted to humans by bloodsucking sand flies.
A disease, such as kala-azar caused by flagellated protozoa of the genus Leishmania.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for leishmaniasis


[ lēsh′mə-nīə-sĭs ]

An infection or disease caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sand flies and characterized by skin ulcerations or an acute illness marked by fever, anemia, and enlargement of the liver and spleen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.