Leyden jar

noun Electricity.
  1. a device for storing electric charge, consisting essentially of a glass jar lined inside and outside, for about two-thirds of its height, with tinfoil.

Origin of Leyden jar

First recorded in 1815–25; so called because invented in Leyden
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for leyden jar

Leyden jar

noun
  1. physics an early type of capacitor consisting of a glass jar with the lower part of the inside and outside coated with tin foil

Word Origin for Leyden jar

C18: first made in Leiden
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for leyden jar

Leyden jar

n.

1755, phial used for accumulating and storing static electricity, from Leyden (modern Leiden), city in Holland; so called because it was first described (in 1746) by physicist Pieter van Musschenbroek of Leyden (1692-1761). The place name is said to be from Germanic *leitha- "canal."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

leyden jar in Science

Leyden jar

[līdn]
  1. An early device for storing electric charge that uses the same principle as a modern capacitor. It consists of a glass jar with conductive metal foil covering its inner and outer surfaces, with the glass insulating these surfaces from each other. The inner surface is charged (by an external source) through an electrode penetrating the top of the jar; the inner and outer foil layers can then hold an equal and opposite charge.
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