the process whereby a compound word or expression is created by literal translation of each of the elements of a compound word or expression in another language, as marriage of convenience from French mariage de convenance.
a word or expression so created.
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Origin of loan translation
First recorded in 1930–35
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for loan translation
the adoption by one language of a phrase or compound word whose components are literal translations of the components of a corresponding phrase or compound in a foreign languageEnglish "superman" is a loan translation from German "Übermensch." Also called: calque
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012