loanword

or loan word

[lohn-wurd]
noun
  1. a word in one language that has been borrowed from another language and usually naturalized, as wine, taken into Old English from Latin vinum, or macho, taken into Modern English from Spanish.

Origin of loanword

1870–75; translation of German Lehnwort
Also called loan.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Historical Examples of loanword