[lawng, long]

adjective, long·er [lawng-ger, long-] /ˈlɔŋ gər, ˈlɒŋ-/, long·est [lawng-gist, long-] /ˈlɔŋ gɪst, ˈlɒŋ-/.



Nearby words

  1. lonely hearts,
  2. lonely-hearts,
  3. loner,
  4. lonesome,
  5. lonesomely,
  6. long abductor muscle of thumb,
  7. long account,
  8. long ago,
  9. long and short of it, the,
  10. long arm


Origin of long

before 900; (adj.) Middle English longe, Old English lang, long; cognate with Dutch, German lang, Old Norse langr, Gothic langs, Latin longus; (noun) late Middle English, derivative of the adj.; (adv.) Middle English long(e), lange, Old English longe, lange, cognate with Old Saxon, Old High German lango

1. lengthy, extensive. 2. protracted, prolonged, extended. 6. overlong, wordy, prolix; tedious, boring.

Related formslong·ly, adverblong·ness, noun

Can be confusedlong longe lounge lunge

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for longer

British Dictionary definitions for longer



Crawford Williamson. 1815–78, US surgeon. He was the first to use ether as an anaesthetic




having relatively great extent in space on a horizontal plane
having relatively great duration in time
  1. (postpositive)of a specified number of units in extent or durationthree hours long
  2. (in combination)a two-foot-long line
having or consisting of a relatively large number of items or partsa long list
having greater than the average or expected rangea long memory
being the longer or longest of alternativesthe long way to the bank
having more than the average or usual quantity, extent, or durationa long match
seeming to occupy a greater time than is really soshe spent a long afternoon waiting in the departure lounge
intense or thorough (esp in the phrase a long look)
(of drinks) containing a large quantity of nonalcoholic beverage
(of a garment) reaching to the wearer's ankles
informal (foll by on) plentifully supplied or endowed (with)long on good ideas
phonetics (of a speech sound, esp a vowel)
  1. of relatively considerable duration
  2. classified as long, as distinguished from the quality of other vowels
  3. (in popular usage) denoting the qualities of the five English vowels in such words as mate, mete, mite, moat, moot, and mute
from end to end; lengthwise
unlikely to win, happen, succeed, etca long chance
  1. denoting a vowel of relatively great duration or (esp in classical verse) followed by more than one consonant
  2. denoting a syllable containing such a vowel
  3. (in verse that is not quantitative) carrying the emphasis or ictus
finance having or characterized by large holdings of securities or commodities in anticipation of rising pricesa long position
cricket (of a fielding position) near the boundarylong leg
informal (of people) tall and slender
in the long run See run (def. 82)
long in the tooth informal old or ageing


for a certain time or periodhow long will it last?
for or during an extensive period of timelong into the next year
at a distant time; quite a bit of timelong before I met you; long ago
finance into a position with more security or commodity holdings than are required by sale contracts and therefore dependent on rising prices for profitto go long
as long as or so long as
  1. for or during just the length of time that
  2. inasmuch as; since
  3. provided that; if
no longer not any more; formerly but not now


a long time (esp in the phrase for long)
a relatively long thing, such as a signal in Morse code
a clothing size for tall people, esp in trousers
phonetics a long vowel or syllable
finance a person with large holdings of a security or commodity in expectation of a rise in its price; bull
music a note common in medieval music but now obsolete, having the time value of two breves
before long soon
the long and the short of it the essential points or facts
See also longs

Word Origin for long

Old English lang; related to Old High German lang, Old Norse langr, Latin longus




(intr; foll by for or an infinitive) to have a strong desire

Word Origin for long

Old English langian; related to long 1




(intr) archaic to belong, appertain, or be appropriate

Word Origin for long

Old English langian to belong, from gelang at hand, belonging to; compare along



abbreviation for

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for longer
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for longer


[lông]Crawford Williamson 1815-1878

American surgeon and pioneer anesthetist who was among the first (1842) to use ether as an anesthetic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with longer


see any longer; no longer.


In addition to the idioms beginning with long

  • long ago
  • long and short of it, the
  • long arm of the law, the
  • long face
  • long haul
  • long in the tooth
  • long shot, a
  • long suit
  • long time no see

also see:

  • as long as
  • at (long) last
  • before long
  • come a long way
  • (long) drawn out
  • go a long way toward
  • happy as the day is long
  • in the long run
  • make a long story short
  • so long

Also see underlonger.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.