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loom

1
[ loom ]
/ lum /
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noun
a hand-operated or power-driven apparatus for weaving fabrics, containing harnesses, lay, reed, shuttles, treadles, etc.
the art or the process of weaving.
the part of an oar between the blade and the handle.
verb (used with object)
to weave (something) on a loom.
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Origin of loom

1
First recorded before 900; Middle English lome, lombe, lume “tool, implement, loom,” Old English lōma, gelōma; further origin uncertain

Other definitions for loom (2 of 4)

loom2
[ loom ]
/ lum /

verb (used without object)
to appear indistinctly; come into view in indistinct and enlarged form: The mountainous island loomed on the horizon.
to rise before the vision with an appearance of great or portentous size: Suddenly a police officer loomed in front of him.
to assume form as an impending event: A battle looms at the convention.
noun
a looming appearance, as of something seen indistinctly at a distance or through a fog: the loom of a moraine directly in their path.

Origin of loom

2
First recorded in 1590–1600; origin uncertain; perhaps akin to East Frisian lomen, Swedish lome “move slowly”

Other definitions for loom (3 of 4)

loom3
[ loom ]
/ lum /

noun British Dialect.
a guillemot or murre.

Origin of loom

3
First recorded in 1670–80; from Old Norse lōmr “loon”

Other definitions for loom (4 of 4)

L.O.O.M.

abbreviation
Loyal Order of Moose.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use loom in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for loom (1 of 3)

loom1
/ (luːm) /

noun
an apparatus, worked by hand (hand loom) or mechanically (power loom), for weaving yarn into a textile
the middle portion of an oar, which acts as a fulcrum swivelling in the rowlock

Word Origin for loom

C13 (meaning any kind of tool): variant of Old English gelōma tool; compare heirloom

British Dictionary definitions for loom (2 of 3)

loom2
/ (luːm) /

verb (intr)
to come into view indistinctly with an enlarged and often threatening aspect
(of an event) to seem ominously close
(often foll by over) (of large objects) to dominate or overhang
noun
a rising appearance, as of something far away

Word Origin for loom

C16: perhaps from East Frisian lomen to move slowly

British Dictionary definitions for loom (3 of 3)

loom3
/ (luːm) /

noun archaic, or dialect
another name for diver (def. 3)
any of various other birds, esp the guillemot

Word Origin for loom

C17: from Old Norse lomr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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