lose

[looz]

verb (used with object), lost, los·ing.

verb (used without object), lost, los·ing.

Verb Phrases

lose out, to suffer defeat or loss; fail to obtain something desired: He got through the preliminaries, but lost out in the finals.

Idioms

    lose face. face(def 51).
    lose it, Informal. to suddenly lose control of one's emotions: When he said he loved me, I nearly lost it.

Origin of lose

before 900; Middle English losen, Old English -lēosan; replacing Middle English lesen, itself also reflecting Old English -lēosan; cognate with German verlieren, Gothic fraliusan to lose. See loss
Related formsre·lose, verb (used with object), re·lost, re·los·ing.
Can be confusedloose loosen lose loss
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for lose out

lose out

verb informal

(intr, adverb) to be defeated or unsuccessful
lose out on to fail to secure or make use ofwe lost out on the sale

lose

verb loses, losing or lost (mainly tr)

to part with or come to be without, as through theft, accident, negligence, etc
to fail to keep or maintainto lose one's balance
to suffer the loss or deprivation ofto lose a parent
to cease to have or possess
to fail to get or make use ofto lose a chance
(also intr) to fail to gain or win (a contest, game, etc)to lose the match
to fail to see, hear, perceive, or understandI lost the gist of his speech
to wasteto lose money gambling
to wander from so as to be unable to findto lose one's way
to cause the loss ofhis delay lost him the battle
to allow to go astray or out of sightwe lost him in the crowd
(usually passive) to absorb or engrosshe was lost in contemplation
(usually passive) to cause the death or destruction oftwo men were lost in the attack
to outdistance or eludehe soon lost his pursuers
(intr) to decrease or depreciate in value or effectivenesspoetry always loses in translation
(also intr) (of a timepiece) to run slow (by a specified amount)the clock loses ten minutes every day
(of a physician) to fail to sustain the life of (a patient)
(of a woman) to fail to give birth to (a viable baby), esp as the result of a miscarriage
motor racing slang to lose control of (the car), as on a bendhe lost it going into Woodcote
lose it slang to lose control of oneself or one's temper
Derived Formslosable, adjectivelosableness, noun

Word Origin for lose

Old English losian to perish; related to Old English -lēosan as in forlēosan to forfeit. Compare loose
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for lose out

lose

v.

Old English losian "be lost, perish," from los "destruction, loss," from Proto-Germanic *lausa- (cf. Old Norse los "the breaking up of an army;" Old English forleosan "to lose, destroy," Old Frisian forliasa, Old Saxon farliosan, Middle Dutch verliesen, Old High German firliosan, German verlieren), from PIE root *leu- "to loosen, divide, cut apart, untie, separate" (cf. Sanskrit lunati "cuts, cuts off," lavitram "sickle;" Greek lyein "to loosen, untie, slacken," lysus "a loosening;" Latin luere "to loose, release, atone for, expiate").

Replaced related leosan (a class II strong verb whose past participle loren survives in forlorn and lovelorn), from Proto-Germanic *leusanan (cf. Old High German virliosan, German verlieren, Old Frisian urliasa, Gothic fraliusan "to lose").

Transitive sense of "to part with accidentally" is from c.1200. Meaning "fail to maintain" is from mid-15c. Meaning "to be defeated" (in a game, etc.) is from 1530s. Meaning "to cause (someone) to lose his way" is from 1640s. To lose (one's) mind "become insane" is attested from c.1500. To lose out "fail" is 1858, American English. Related: Lost; losing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with lose out

lose out

1

Fail to succeed, be defeated, as in The election's over, and you've lost out. [Mid-1800s]

2

Also, lose out on or in. Miss an opportunity to participate, as in We came so late that we lost out on our chance to see her dance, or The Republicans lost out in last fall's elections. [Colloquial; mid-1900s] Also see miss out on.

lose

In addition to the idioms beginning with lose

  • lose face
  • lose ground
  • lose heart
  • lose it
  • lose no time
  • lose one's bearings
  • lose one's buttons
  • lose one's cool
  • lose oneself in
  • lose one's grip
  • lose one's head
  • lose one's hear to
  • lose one's lunch
  • lose one's marbles
  • lose one's mind
  • lose one's nerve
  • lose one's shirt
  • lose one's temper
  • lose one's touch
  • lose out
  • lose sight of
  • lose sleep over
  • lose the thread
  • lose time
  • lose touch
  • lose track

also see:

  • get (lose) one's bearings
  • keep (lose) one's cool
  • keep (lose) track
  • win some, lose some

Also see underlosinglost.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.