noun, plural Man·chus, (especially collectively) Man·chu.

a member of a Tungusic people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century and established a dynasty there (Manchu dynasty or Ch'ing 1644–1912).
a Tungusic language spoken by the Manchu.


of or relating to the Manchu, their country, or their language. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for manchu

Historical Examples of manchu

  • He still retains the title of Manchu Emperor, but with his death the title will cease.

    From Pole to Pole

    Sven Anders Hedin

  • In 1644 China was conquered by the Manchu dynasty, which still reigns.

    From Pole to Pole

    Sven Anders Hedin

  • Manchu, the language of the conquerors, is still kept alive at Peking.

  • Manchu rule, its anti-opium policy one of the causes of its overthrow, 26.

    A Wayfarer in China

    Elizabeth Kendall

  • In addition the Manchu bandits could not even protect themselves.

    China and the Manchus

    Herbert Allen Giles

British Dictionary definitions for manchu



plural -chus or -chu a member of a Mongoloid people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century, establishing an imperial dynasty that lasted until 1912
the language of this people, belonging to the Tungusic branch of the Altaic family


Also: Ching of or relating to the dynasty of the Manchus

Word Origin for Manchu

from Manchu, literally: pure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for manchu


1650s, member of Tungusic race of Manchuria which conquered China in 1644 and remained its ruling class until the Revolution of 1912. From Manchu, literally "pure," name of the tribe descended from the Nu-chen Tartars.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper