mendicant

[men-di-kuh nt]

adjective

begging; practicing begging; living on alms.
pertaining to or characteristic of a beggar.

noun

a person who lives by begging; beggar.
a member of any of several orders of friars that originally forbade ownership of property, subsisting mostly on alms.

Origin of mendicant

1425–75; late Middle English < Latin mendīcant- (stem of mendīcāns), present participle of mendīcāre to beg, equivalent to mendīc(us) beggarly, needy + -ant- -ant
Related formsnon·men·di·cant, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for mendicant

vagabond, panhandler, pauper, monk

Examples from the Web for mendicant

Historical Examples of mendicant


British Dictionary definitions for mendicant

mendicant

adjective

begging
(of a member of a religious order) dependent on alms for sustenancemendicant friars
characteristic of a beggar

noun

a mendicant friar
a less common word for beggar
Derived Formsmendicancy or mendicity (mɛnˈdɪsɪtɪ), noun

Word Origin for mendicant

C16: from Latin mendīcāre to beg, from mendīcus beggar, from mendus flaw
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mendicant
adj.

late 14c., from Latin mendicantem (nominative mendicans) present participle of mendicare "to beg, ask alms," from mendicus "beggar," originally "cripple" (connection via cripples who must beg), from menda "fault, physical defect" (see mendacious). As an adjective from 1540s. Also in Middle English was mendinant (mid-14c.), from Old French mendinant, present participle of mendiner "to beg," from the same Latin source.

n.

"a beggar," mid-15c., from mendicant (adj.) or from Latin mendicantem (nominative mendicans), noun use of present participle of mendicare.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper