verb (used with object), mer·cer·ized, mer·cer·iz·ing.
to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye.
Also especially British, mer·cer·ise.
Origin of mercerize
1855–60; named after John Mercer (1791–1866), English calico printer, the patentee (1850) of the process; see -ize
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Examples from the Web for mercerization
Historical Examples of mercerization
This was the beginning of the mercerization which to-day produces cotton fabrics almost as strong and handsome as if silk.Inventors at Work
The reactions and structural changes were investigated by J. Mercer, and are known generally as “mercerization.”
(tr) to treat (cotton yarn) with an alkali to increase its strength and reception to dye and impart a lustrous silky appearance
Word Origin for mercerize
C19: named after John Mercer (1791–1866), English maker of textiles
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