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Mishnah

or Mish·na

[English, Ashkenazic Hebrew mish-nuh; Sephardic Hebrew meesh-nah]
noun, plural Mish·na·yoth, Mish·na·yot, Mish·na·yos [English, Ashkenazic Hebrew mish-nuh-yohs; Sephardic Hebrew meesh-nah-yawt] /English, Ashkenazic Hebrew ˌmɪʃ nəˈyoʊs; Sephardic Hebrew miʃ nɑˈyɔt/, English Mish·nahs. Judaism.
  1. the collection of oral laws compiled about a.d. 200 by Rabbi Judah ha-Nasi and forming the basic part of the Talmud.
  2. an article or section of this collection.
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Origin of Mishnah

First recorded in 1600–10, Mishnah is from the Medieval Hebrew word mishnāh literally, teaching by oral repetition
Related formsMish·na·ic [mish-ney-ik] /mɪʃˈneɪ ɪk/, Mish·nic, Mish·ni·cal, adjectivepost-Mish·na·ic, adjectivepost-Mish·nic, adjectivepost-Mish·ni·cal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for mishna

Mishna

noun plural Mishnayoth (mɪʃˈnɑːjəʊt, Hebrew miʃnaˈjɔt)
  1. Judaism a compilation of precepts passed down as an oral tradition and collected by Judah ha-Nasi in the late second century ad. It forms the earlier part of the TalmudSee also Gemara
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Derived FormsMishnaic (mɪʃˈneɪɪk), Mishnic or Mishnical, adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Hebrew: instruction by repetition, from shānāh to repeat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012