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modal

[mohd-l]
adjective
  1. of or relating to mode, manner, or form.
  2. Music.
    1. pertaining to mode, as distinguished from key.
    2. based on a scale other than major or minor.
  3. Also single modal. Transportation. pertaining to or suitable for transportation involving only one form of a carrier, as truck, rail, or ship.Compare bimodal(def 3), intermodal.
  4. Grammar. noting or pertaining to mood.
  5. Philosophy. pertaining to a mode of a thing, as distinguished from one of its basic attributes or from its substance or matter.
  6. Logic. exhibiting or expressing some phase of modality.
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noun
  1. modal auxiliary.
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Origin of modal

From the Medieval Latin word modālis, dating back to 1560–70. See mode1, -al1
Related formsmod·al·ly, adverbnon·mod·al, adjectivenon·mod·al·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for modal

Historical Examples

  • Modal, impersonal, existential judgments are all accounted for.

    Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 16, Slice 8

    Various

  • Modal Consequence has also been named among the forms of Immediate Inference.

  • Modal verbs may be divided into a multiplicity of divisions.

    The English Language

    Robert Gordon Latham

  • The modal period for completed clutches is the first third of June.

    The Breeding Birds of Kansas

    Richard F. Johnston

  • As to Modality, propositions are divided into Pure and Modal.

    Logic

    Carveth Read


British Dictionary definitions for modal

modal

adjective
  1. of, relating to, or characteristic of mode or manner
  2. grammar (of a verb form or auxiliary verb) expressing a distinction of mood, such as that between possibility and actuality. The modal auxiliaries in English include can, could, may, must, need, ought, shall, should, will, and would
  3. philosophy logic
    1. qualifying or expressing a qualification of the truth of some statement, for example, as necessary or contingent
    2. relating to analogous qualifications such as that of rules as obligatory or permissive
  4. metaphysics of or relating to the form of a thing as opposed to its attributes, substance, etc
  5. music of or relating to a mode
  6. of or relating to a statistical mode
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Derived Formsmodally, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for modal

adj.

1560s, term in logic, from Middle French modal and directly from Medieval Latin modalis "of or pertaining to a mode," from Latin modus "measure, manner, mode" (see mode (n.1)). Musical sense is from 1590s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper