[mong-guh l, -gohl, mon-]
  1. a member of a pastoral people now living chiefly in Mongolia.
  2. a person having Mongoloid characteristics.
  3. any Mongolian language.
  4. (often lowercase) Pathology. (no longer in technical use; now considered offensive) a person affected with Down syndrome; Mongoloid.
  1. Mongolian.
Related formsnon-Mon·gol, noun, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Historical Examples of mongol

British Dictionary definitions for mongol


  1. a formerly used and now highly offensive name for a person affected by Down's syndrome


  1. a native or inhabitant of Mongolia, esp a nomad
  2. the Mongolian language
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mongol


1738 (n.); 1763 (adj.), native name, said to be from mong "brave."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper