- (in metaphysics) any of various theories holding that there is only one basic substance or principle as the ground of reality, or that reality consists of a single element.Compare dualism (def. 2), pluralism (def. 1a).
- (in epistemology) a theory that the object and datum of cognition are identical.Compare pluralism (def. 1b).
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OTHER WORDS FROM monism
Example sentences from the Web for monism
This monistic soul-hypothesis, then, is at bottom mechanistic.Freedom in Science and Teaching.|Ernst Haeckel
Aristotle's system may be called theistic and dualistic; Plotinus's is pantheistic and monistic.A History of Mediaeval Jewish Philosophy|Isaac Husik
This suggests that a strictly monistic epistemology, whether idealistic or realistic, does not get rid of the problem.Essays in Experimental Logic|John Dewey
Our monistic conception of the nature and seat of the soul is strongly confirmed by psychiatry, or the science of mental disease.
Romanes partly retracted his monistic convictions shortly before his death, and adopted mystic religious views.
British Dictionary definitions for monism
Derived forms of monismmonist, noun, adjectivemonistic, adjectivemonistically, adverb
Word Origin for monism
Cultural definitions for monism
A position in metaphysics that sees only one kind of principle whereas dualism sees two. On the question of whether people's minds are distinct from their bodies, for example, a monist would hold either that mental conditions are essentially physical conditions (materialism), or that bodies depend on minds for their existence (idealism).