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morbidity

[ mawr-bid-i-tee ]
/ mɔrˈbɪd ɪ ti /
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noun
a morbid state or quality.
the proportion of sickness or of a specific disease in a geographical locality.
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Origin of morbidity

First recorded in 1715–25; morbid + -ity
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

MORBIDITY VS. MORTALITY

What’s the difference between morbidity and mortality?

In a medical context, the word morbidity refers to the incidence or prevalence of a disease in a specific population or location (sometimes called the morbidity rate), while the word mortality refers to relative frequency of deaths in a specific population or location (sometimes called the mortality rate).

The related word cormorbidity is used in medical contexts to refer to the state of having multiple medical conditions at the same time.

In this context, morbidity relates to sickness, while mortality relates to death.

Both morbidity and mortality are also used in nontechnical ways. Morbidity is the noun form of the adjective morbid, which most commonly means excessively gloomy or having an unusual interest in dark subjects, like death. Morbidity, then, can be used to refer to the quality of having this interest, as in Her latest novel lacks the morbidity of her earlier works. 

Mortality, on the other hand, most commonly refers to the state or condition of being subject to death, as in Humans are aware of their own mortality. The opposite of this is immortality—unending life.

Here’s an example of morbidity and mortality used correctly in the same sentence.

Example: Studies show that while the morbidity in the region remains quite high, the mortality rate from the disease has continued to drop. 

Want to learn more? Read the full breakdown of the difference between morbidity and mortality.

Quiz yourself on morbidity vs. mortality!

Should morbidity or mortality be used in the following sentence?

It is hoped that the vaccination program will decrease _____ among the population, and, as a result, reduce the number of deaths from the disease.

How to use morbidity in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for morbidity

morbidity
/ (mɔːˈbɪdɪtɪ) /

noun
the state of being morbid
Also: morbidity rate the relative incidence of a particular disease in a specific locality
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for morbidity

morbidity
[ môr-bĭdĭ-tē ]

n.
The quality of being morbid.
A diseased state.
The incidence or prevalence of a disease.
Morbidity rate.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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