mountain

[moun-tn]
See more synonyms for mountain on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising more or less abruptly to a summit, and attaining an altitude greater than that of a hill, usually greater than 2000 feet (610 meters).
  2. a large mass of something resembling this, as in shape or size.
  3. a huge amount: a mountain of incoming mail.
  4. (initial capital letter) a steam locomotive having a four-wheeled front truck, eight driving wheels, and a two-wheeled rear truck.
  5. Also called mountain wine. British Archaic. a sweet Malaga wine.
adjective
  1. of or relating to mountains: mountain air.
  2. living, growing, or located in the mountains: mountain people.
  3. resembling or suggesting a mountain, as in size.
Idioms
  1. make a mountain out of a molehill. molehill(def 2).

Origin of mountain

1175–1225; Middle English mountaine < Old French montaigne < Vulgar Latin *montānea, noun use of feminine of *montāneus, equivalent to Latin montān(us) mountainous (mont-, stem of mōns mountain + -ānus -an) + -eus adj. suffix
Related formsmoun·tain·less, adjectivesub·moun·tain, adjectiveun·der·moun·tain, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for mountain

Contemporary Examples of mountain

Historical Examples of mountain


British Dictionary definitions for mountain

mountain

noun
    1. a natural upward projection of the earth's surface, higher and steeper than a hill and often having a rocky summit
    2. (as modifier)mountain people; mountain scenery
    3. (in combination)a mountaintop
  1. a huge heap or massa mountain of papers
  2. anything of great quantity or size
  3. a surplus of a commodity, esp in the European Unionthe butter mountain
  4. a mountain to climb British informal a serious or considerable difficulty or obstruction to overcome
  5. make a mountain out of a molehill See molehill (def. 2)

Word Origin for mountain

C13: from Old French montaigne, from Vulgar Latin montānea (unattested) mountainous, from Latin montānus, from mons mountain

Mountain

noun
  1. the Mountain an extremist faction during the French Revolution led by Danton and Robespierre

Word Origin for Mountain

C18: so called because its members sat in the highest row of seats at the National Convention Hall in 1793
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for mountain
n.

c.1200, from Old French montaigne (Modern French montagne), from Vulgar Latin *montanea "mountain, mountain region," noun use of fem. of *montaneus "of a mountain, mountainous," from Latin montanus "mountainous, of mountains," from mons (genitive montis) "mountain" (see mount (n.)).

Until 18c., applied to a fairly low elevation if it was prominent (e.g. Sussex Downs, the hills around Paris). As an adjective from late 14c. Mountain dew "raw and inferior whiskey" first recorded 1839; earlier a type of Scotch whiskey (1816); Jamieson's 1825 "Supplement" to his Scottish dictionary defines it specifically as "A cant term for Highland whisky that has paid no duty." Mountain-climber recorded from 1839; mountain-climbing from 1836.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

mountain in Science

mountain

[mountən]
  1. A generally massive and usually steep-sided, raised portion of the Earth's surface. Mountains can occur as single peaks or as part of a long chain. They can form through volcanic activity, by erosion, or by uplift of the continental crust when two tectonic plates collide. The Himalayas, which are the highest mountains in the world, were formed when the plate carrying the landmass of India collided with the plate carrying the landmass of China.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with mountain

mountain

see if the mountain won't come to Muhammad; make a mountain out of a molehill.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.