myosin

[ mahy-uh-sin ]

nounBiochemistry.
  1. the principal contractile protein of muscle.

Origin of myosin

1
First recorded in 1865–70; my- + -ose2 + -in2

Words Nearby myosin

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024

How to use myosin in a sentence

  • Titin wraps around the myosin filaments that compose individual muscle fibers, and when muscle fibers contract, a part of titin becomes exposed that’s otherwise inaccessible.

  • The pemmican we used consisted of powdered dried beef (containing the important protein, myosin) and 50 per cent.

    The Home of the Blizzard | Douglas Mawson
  • Into this special class fall myosin (of the muscles), fibrinogen (of the blood) and vitellin (of egg yolk).

    Animal Proteins | Hugh Garner Bennett
  • Other forms of protein are globulin and myosin, which form the actual muscle-substance.

    Encyclopedia of Diet | Eugene Christian
  • Another similar experiment made with antipeptone, formed from the myosin of muscle-tissue, gave like results.

    On Digestive Proteolysis | R. H. Chittenden

British Dictionary definitions for myosin

myosin

/ (ˈmaɪəsɪn) /


noun
  1. the chief protein of muscle that interacts with actin to form actomyosin during muscle contraction; it is also present in many other cell types

Origin of myosin

1
C19: from myo- + -ose ² + -in

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for myosin

myosin

[ ə-sĭn ]


  1. A protein found in muscle tissue as a thick filament made up of an aggregate of similar proteins. Myosin and the protein actin form the contractile units (sarcomeres) of skeletal muscle. In the sarcomere, actin and myosin filaments slide past each other to cause the shortening of a muscle fiber.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.