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Nanking

[nan-king; Chinese nahn-king]
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noun Older Spelling.
  1. Nanjing.
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Nanjing

or Nan·ching, Nan·king

[nahn-jing]
noun Pinyin.
  1. a port in and the capital of Jiangsu province, in E China, on the Chang Jiang: a former capital of China.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for nanking

Nanjing

Nanking (ˈnænˈkɪŋ) or Nan-ching

noun
  1. a port in E central China, capital of Jiangsu province, on the Yangtze River: capital of the Chinese empire and a literary centre from the 14th to 17th centuries; capital of Nationalist China (1928–37); site of a massacre of about 300 000 civilians by the invading Japanese army in 1937; university (1928). Pop: 2 806 000 (2005 est)
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for nanking

Nanking

city in China, literally "southern capital," from nan "south" + jing "capital."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

nanking in Culture

Nanking

[(nan-king, nahn-jing)]

See Nanjing.

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Nanjing

City in eastern China on the Yangtze River, northeast of Shanghai; an industrial and transportation center.

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Note

China's imperial capital on several occasions, it was made capital of the Republic of China by Sun Yat-sen in 1912 after the Chinese Revolution, by Nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-shek from 1928 to 1937, and again from 1946 to 1949.

Note

During the Second Sino-Japanese War in the 1930s, Nanjing was the scene of a Japanese massacre (the Rape of Nanking) and became the seat of a puppet regime established by the Japanese.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.