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nap

1
[ nap ]
/ næp /
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See synonyms for: nap / napping / naps on Thesaurus.com

verb (used without object), napped, nap·ping.

to sleep for a short time; doze.
to be off one's guard: The question caught him napping.

verb (used with object), napped, nap·ping.

to sleep or doze through (a period of time, an activity, etc.) (usually followed by away): I napped the afternoon away. He naps away most of his classes.

noun

a brief period of sleep, especially one taken during daytime: Has the baby had her nap?

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Origin of nap

1
First recorded before 900; Middle English verb nappen, Old English hnappian, hnæppian “to sleep, slumber, doze”; cognate with Old High German (h)naffezen, Middle High German, German nafzen “to slumber”

Definition for nap (2 of 4)

nap2
[ nap ]
/ næp /

noun

the short fuzzy ends of fibers on the surface of cloth, drawn up in napping.
any downy coating, as on plants.

verb (used with object), napped, nap·ping.

to raise a nap on.

Origin of nap

2
First recorded in 1400–50; late Middle English noppe, nop(e); probably from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch, nop, noppe; possibly from Old English (wull)hnoppa “(wool) tuft, tuft”

OTHER WORDS FROM nap

napless, adjectivenap·less·ness, noun

Definition for nap (3 of 4)

nap3
[ nap ]
/ næp /

noun

Origin of nap

3
First recorded in 1820–25; shortened form of napoleon

Definition for nap (4 of 4)

-nap

a combining form extracted from kidnap, with the general sense “abduct or steal in order to collect a ransom”: artnap; petnap; starnap.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

Example sentences from the Web for nap

British Dictionary definitions for nap (1 of 3)

nap1
/ (næp) /

verb naps, napping or napped (intr)

to sleep for a short while; doze
to be unaware or inattentive; be off guard (esp in the phrase catch someone napping)

noun

a short light sleep; doze

Word Origin for nap

Old English hnappian; related to Middle High German napfen

British Dictionary definitions for nap (2 of 3)

nap2
/ (næp) /

noun

  1. the raised fibres of velvet or similar cloth
  2. the direction in which these fibres lie when smoothed down
any similar downy coating
Australian informal blankets, bedding

verb naps, napping or napped

(tr) to raise the nap of (cloth, esp velvet) by brushing or similar treatment

Word Origin for nap

C15: probably from Middle Dutch noppe; related to Old English hnoppian to pluck

British Dictionary definitions for nap (3 of 3)

nap3
/ (næp) /

noun

verb naps, napping or napped

(tr) horse racing to name (a horse) as likely to win a race

Word Origin for nap

C19: short for napoleon, the original name of the card game
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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