EXAMPLES | WORD ORIGIN noun . Cell Biology a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
neu·rone [ n-ohn, oo r ny-] oo r /ˈnʊər oʊn, ˈnyʊər-/
Origin of neuron
First recorded in
1880–85, neuron is from the Greek word neûron sinew, cord, nerve Related forms neu·ron·al , [ n- oo r uh-nl, ny-, n oo r oo- rohn-l, ny oo-] /ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-/ adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for neuron Contemporary Examples of neuron Historical Examples of neuron
The contact of the axon of one
neuron with the dendrons of another is called a synapse.
These are transferred from
neuron to neuron through the synapse.
That is not a loss of memory but a failure of
The word is derived from the Greek
neuron nerve, and astheneia weakness. Neuron, nū′ron, n. the cerebro-spinal axis in its entirety: a nervure of an insect's wing. Word Origin and History for neuron n.
"a nerve cell with appendages," 1891, from German
Neuron, from Greek neuron (see neuro-). Used earlier (1884) for "the spinal cord and brain."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
n. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon. nerve cell neurocyte
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called nerve cell
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.