Cell Biology. a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
- Also called nerve cell.
- Also especially British, neu·rone [noor-ohn, nyoor-]. /ˈnʊər oʊn, ˈnyʊər-/.
- neu·ron·al [noor-uh-nl, nyoor-, noo-rohn-l, nyoo-], /ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-/, adjective
- Compare synapse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024
How to use neuron in a sentence
One relies on the neuron, which determines based on input whether it should “fire”—that is, pass on the data to its neighbor.This ‘Quantum Brain’ Would Mimic Our Own to Speed Up AI | Shelly Fan | February 9, 2021 | Singularity Hub
For example, this might arise from the way that huge numbers of neurons organize themselves into groups, which then form larger regions that work together.Brain’s ‘Background Noise’ May Hold Clues to Persistent Mysteries | Elizabeth Landau | February 8, 2021 | Quanta Magazine
Similarly, he introduced the term neuron before scientists had even reached agreement on whether such cells existed.
This holds rather unnerving implications, in that the neurons solely reflect someone else’s specific perspective—your perspective, or the truth, doesn’t come into play.This Is Where Empathy Lives in the Brain, and How It Works | Shelly Fan | February 2, 2021 | Singularity Hub
Deep learning algorithms work by getting layers of artificial neurons to learn increasingly complex features of an image or other data type, which are then used to categorize new data.How Mirroring the Architecture of the Human Brain Is Speeding Up AI Learning | Edd Gent | January 18, 2021 | Singularity Hub
Aren't all facts, at the neuron and synapse level, really the same?
Hawking, 71, has been suffering from the debilitating motor neuron disease ALS for half a century.
The current issue of neuron features a new study on selective memory erasure.
These are transferred from neuron to neuron through the synapse.
Even though the peripheral neuron may be suffering to some extent, this is true.
The contact of the axon of one neuron with the dendrons of another is called a synapse.
That is not a loss of memory but a failure of neuron connections.
Every efferent neuron in his system carried the message full power.The K-Factor | Harry Harrison (AKA Henry Maxwell Dempsey)
Scientific definitions for neuron
A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called nerve cell
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.