[noo r-on, nyoo r-]
- Cell Biology. a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also especially British, neu·rone [noo r-ohn, nyoo r-] /ˈnʊər oʊn, ˈnyʊər-/.
Origin of neuron
First recorded in 1880–85, neuron is from the Greek word neûron sinew, cord, nerve
Also called nerve cell.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for neuron
These are transferred from neuron to neuron through the synapse.
The contact of the axon of one neuron with the dendrons of another is called a synapse.
That is not a loss of memory but a failure of neuron connections.
The word is derived from the Greek neuron nerve, and astheneia weakness.Why Worry?
George Lincoln Walton, M.D.
Neuron, nū′ron, n. the cerebro-spinal axis in its entirety: a nervure of an insect's wing.
Word Origin and History for neuron
"a nerve cell with appendages," 1891, from German Neuron, from Greek neuron (see neuro-). Used earlier (1884) for "the spinal cord and brain."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.nerve cell neurocyte
- A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called nerve cell
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.