- Cell Biology. a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Origin of neuron
Examples from the Web for neuron
Contemporary Examples of neuron
Historical Examples of neuron
The contact of the axon of one neuron with the dendrons of another is called a synapse.
These are transferred from neuron to neuron through the synapse.
That is not a loss of memory but a failure of neuron connections.
The word is derived from the Greek neuron nerve, and astheneia weakness.Why Worry?
George Lincoln Walton, M.D.
Neuron, nū′ron, n. the cerebro-spinal axis in its entirety: a nervure of an insect's wing.
"a nerve cell with appendages," 1891, from German Neuron, from Greek neuron (see neuro-). Used earlier (1884) for "the spinal cord and brain."
- Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.nerve cell neurocyte
- A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called nerve cell