nitroglycerin

[ nahy-truh-glis-er-in ]
/ ˌnaɪ trəˈglɪs ər ɪn /
|

noun Chemistry, Pharmacology.

a colorless, thick, oily, flammable, highly explosive, slightly water-soluble liquid, C3H5N3O9, prepared from glycerol with nitric and sulfuric acids: used chiefly as a constituent of dynamite and other explosives, in rocket propellants, and in medicine as a vasodilator in the treatment of angina pectoris.

Nearby words

  1. nitrogen-fixing,
  2. nitrogenase,
  3. nitrogenize,
  4. nitrogenous,
  5. nitrogenous wastes,
  6. nitroglycerine,
  7. nitrohydrochloric acid,
  8. nitrolic,
  9. nitromannitol,
  10. nitromersol

Also ni·tro·glyc·er·ine [nahy-truh-glis-er-in, -uh-reen] /ˌnaɪ trəˈglɪs ər ɪn, -əˌrin/.

Origin of nitroglycerin

First recorded in 1855–60; nitro- + glycerin

Also called glonoin, glyceryl trinitrate, trinitroglycerin.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for nitroglycerine


British Dictionary definitions for nitroglycerine

nitroglycerine

nitroglycerin (-ˈɡlɪsərɪn)

/ (ˌnaɪtrəʊˈɡlɪsəˌriːn) /

noun

a pale yellow viscous explosive liquid substance made from glycerol and nitric and sulphuric acids and used in explosives, and in medicine as a vasodilator. Formula: CH 2 NO 3 CHNO 3 CH 2 NO 3Also called: trinitroglycerine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for nitroglycerine

nitroglycerine

n.

also nitroglycerin, "explosive oily liquid," 1857, from nitro- + glycerin. So called either because it was obtained by treating glycerine with nitric and sulfuric acids or because it is essentially a nitrate (glyceryl trinitrate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for nitroglycerine

nitroglycerin

n.

A thick, pale yellow liquid that is explosive on concussion or exposure to sudden heat, used as a vasodilator in medicine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for nitroglycerine

nitroglycerin

[ nī′trō-glĭsər-ĭn ]

A thick, pale-yellow, explosive liquid formed by treating glycerin with nitric and sulfuric acids. It is used to make dynamite and in medicine to dilate blood vessels. Chemical formula: C3H5N3O9.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.