[awf-doo-tee, -dyoo-, of-]


not engaged in the performance of one's usual work: an off-duty police officer.
of, relating to, or during a period when a person is not at work.

Origin of off-duty

First recorded in 1850–55


[doo-tee, dyoo-]

noun, plural du·ties.

something that one is expected or required to do by moral or legal obligation.
the binding or obligatory force of something that is morally or legally right; moral or legal obligation.
an action or task required by a person's position or occupation; function: the duties of a clergyman.
the respectful and obedient conduct due a parent, superior, elder, etc.
an act or expression of respect.
a task or chore that a person is expected to perform: It's your duty to do the dishes.
  1. an assigned task, occupation, or place of service: He was on radar duty for two years.
  2. the military service required of a citizen by a country: After graduation, he began his duty.
Commerce. a specific or ad valorem tax imposed by law on the import or export of goods.
a payment, service, etc., imposed and enforceable by law or custom.
Chiefly British. tax: income duty.
  1. the amount of work done by an engine per unit amount of fuel consumed.
  2. the measure of effectiveness of any machine.
Agriculture. the amount of water necessary to provide for the crop in a given area.
Baby Talk. bowel movement.

Origin of duty

1250–1300; Middle English du(e)te < Anglo-French duete. See due, -ty2

Synonyms for duty

Synonym study

1. Duty, obligation refer to what one feels bound to do. Duty is what one performs, or avoids doing, in fulfillment of the permanent dictates of conscience, piety, right, or law: duty to one's country; one's duty to tell the truth, to raise children properly. An obligation is what one is bound to do to fulfill the dictates of usage, custom, or propriety, and to carry out a particular, specific, and often personal promise or agreement: financial obligations. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for off duty


noun plural -ties

a task or action that a person is bound to perform for moral or legal reasons
respect or obedience due to a superior, older persons, etcfilial duty
the force that binds one morally or legally to one's obligations
a government tax, esp on imports
  1. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
  2. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
the quantity of water necessary to irrigate an area of land to grow a particular crop
  1. a job or service allocated
  2. (as modifier)duty rota
do duty for to act as a substitute for
off duty not at work
on duty at work

Word Origin for duty

C13: from Anglo-French dueté, from Old French deu due
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for off duty



late 13c., from Anglo-French duete, from Old French deu "due, owed; proper, just," from Vulgar Latin *debutus, from Latin debitus, past participle of debere "to owe" (see debt). Related: Duties. The sense of "tax or fee on imports, exports, etc." is from late 15c.; duty-free as a noun is attested from 1958.



1743, from off (adv.) + duty.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

off duty in Culture


A tax charged by a government, especially on an import.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with off duty

off duty

see under on duty.


In addition to the idiom beginning with duty

  • duty bound

also see:

  • above and beyond (the call of duty)
  • active duty

do one's dutydouble dutyoff dutyon duty.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.