[ ol-i-goh-sak-uh-rahyd, -rid ]
/ ˌɒl ɪ goʊˈsæk əˌraɪd, -rɪd /

noun Chemistry.

any carbohydrate yielding few monosaccharides on hydrolysis, as two, three, or four.


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Origin of oligosaccharide

First recorded in 1925–30; oligo- + saccharide
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for oligosaccharide

/ (ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəˌraɪd, -rɪd) /


any one of a class of carbohydrates consisting of a few monosaccharide units linked togetherCompare polysaccharide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for oligosaccharide

[ ŏl′ĭ-gō-săkə-rīd′ ]


A carbohydrate that consists of a relatively small number of monosaccharides.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for oligosaccharide

[ ŏl′ĭ-gō-săkə-rīd′, ō′lĭ- ]

A carbohydrate consisting of a relatively small and specifiable number of monosaccharides joined together. Lactose, maltose, and sucrose are oligosaccharides consisting of two simple sugars. Raffinose is an oligosaccharide consisting of three simple sugars. Compare monosaccharide polysaccharide.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.