- the arrangement of the elements of a construction in a particular sequence, as the placing of John before the verb and of George after it in John saw George.
- the hierarchy of grammatical rules applying to a construction.
- the rank of immediate constituents.
- degree, as in algebra.
- the number of rows or columns of a square matrix or determinant.
- the number of times a function has been differentiated to produce a given derivative: a second order derivative.
- the order of the highest derivative appearing in a given differential equation: d2y/dx2 + 3y (dy/dx) − 6 = 0 is a differential equation of order two.
- the number of elements of a given group.
- the smallest positive integer such that a given element in a group raised to that integer equals the identity.
- the least positive integer n such that permuting a given set n times under a given permutation results in the set in its original form.
- any arrangement of columns with an entablature.
- any of five such arrangements typical of classical architecture, including the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders invented by the Greeks and adapted by the Romans, the Tuscan order, invented by the Romans, and the Composite order, first named during the Renaissance.
- any of several concentric rings composing an arch, especially when each projects beyond the one below.
- a special honor or rank conferred by a sovereign upon a person for distinguished achievement.
- the insignia worn by such persons.
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
- ordeal bean,
- ordeal tree,
- order about,
- order arms,
- order bill of lading,
- order in council,
- order of australia
- fitting; appropriate: It appears that an apology is in order.
- in a state of proper arrangement, preparation, or readiness: Everything is in order for the departure.
- correct according to the rules of parliamentary procedure: Questions from the floor are now in order.
- resembling to some extent; like: I would like a dress on the order of the one in the window.
- approximately; about: On the order of 100,000 people attended the rally.
- inappropriate; unsuitable: His remark was certainly out of order.
- not operating properly; in disrepair: The air conditioner is out of order again.
- incorrect according to the rules of parliamentary procedure: The chairwoman told him that he was out of order.
Origin of order
- a commission or instruction to produce or supply something in return for payment
- the commodity produced or supplied
- (as modifier)order form
- a group of people holding a specific honour for service or merit, conferred on them by a sovereign or state
- the insignia of such a group
- the sacrament by which bishops, priests, etc, have their offices conferred upon them
- any of the degrees into which the ministry is divided
- the office of an ordained Christian minister
- the number of times a function must be differentiated to obtain a given derivative
- the order of the highest derivative in a differential equation
- the number of rows or columns in a determinant or square matrix
- the number of members of a finite group
- in sequence
- properly arranged
- appropriate or fitting
- not in sequence
- not working
- not following the rules or customary procedure
- according to a buyer's specifications
- on request or demand
Word Origin for order
c.1200, "give order to, to arrange in order," from order (n.). Meaning "to give orders for or to" is from 1540s. Related: Ordered; ordering.
early 13c., "body of persons living under a religious discipline," from Old French ordre "position, estate; rule, regulation; religious order" (11c.), from earlier ordene, from Latin ordinem (nominative ordo) "row, rank, series, arrangement," originally "a row of threads in a loom," from Italic root *ord- "to arrange, arrangement" (cf. ordiri "to begin to weave," e.g. in primordial), of unknown origin.
Meaning "a rank in the (secular) community" is first recorded c.1300; meaning "command, directive" is first recorded 1540s, from the notion of "to keep in order." Military and honorary orders grew our of the fraternities of Crusader knights. Business and commerce sense is attested from 1837. In natural history, as a classification of living things, it is first recorded 1760. Meaning "condition of a community which is under the rule of law" is from late 15c.
Phrase in order to (1650s) preserves etymological notion of "sequence." The word reflects a medieval notion: "a system of parts subject to certain uniform, established ranks or proportions," and was used of everything from architecture to angels. Old English expressed many of the same ideas with endebyrdnes. In short order "without delay" is from 1834, American English; order of battle is from 1769.
In biology, the classification lower than a class and higher than a family. Dogs and cats belong to the order of carnivores; human beings, monkeys, and apes belong to the order of primates. Flies and mosquitoes belong to the same order; so do birch trees and oak trees. (See Linnean classification.)
Requested but not yet delivered, as in Our new sofa is on order. This term is always used for goods of some kind, the noun order having been used in the sense of “a commission for goods” since the early 1800s.
In addition to the idioms beginning with order
- order of the day, the
- order someone about
- apple-pie order
- back order
- call to order
- in order
- in short order
- just what the doctor ordered
- law and order
- made to order
- marching orders
- on order
- on the order of
- out of order
- pecking order
- put one's house in order
- short order
- standing orders
- tall order
- to order