[ ohn-lee ]
/ ˈoʊn li /
without others or anything further; alone; solely; exclusively: This information is for your eyes only.
no more than; merely; just: If it were only true! I cook only on weekends.
as recently as: I read that article only yesterday.
in the final outcome or decision: You will only regret your harsh words to me.
being the single one or the relatively few of the kind: This is the only pencil I can find.
having no sibling or no sibling of the same sex: an only child; an only son.
single in superiority or distinction; unique; the best: the one and only Muhammad Ali.
but (introducing a single restriction, restraining circumstance, or the like): I would have gone, only you objected.
Older Use. except; but: Only for him you would not be here.
Phrases Only New Englanders KnowRead more in this article about some frequently asked questions and fun facts related to our definitions.
- as a matter of fact; extremely: I am only too glad to go.
- unfortunately; very: It is only too likely to happen.
SYNONYMS FOR only
The placement of only as a modifier is more a matter of style and clarity than of grammatical rule. In a sentence like The doctor examined the children, varying the placement of only results in quite different meanings: The doctor only examined the children means that the doctor did nothing else. And The doctor examined only the children means that no one else was examined. Especially in formal writing, the placement of only immediately before what it modifies is often observed: She sold the stock only because she needed the money. However, there has long been a tendency in all varieties of speech and writing to place only before the verb ( She only sold the stock because she needed the money ), and such placement is rarely confusing.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for only
/ (ˈəʊnlɪ) /
the only being single or very few in numberthe only men left in town were too old to bear arms
(of a child) having no siblings
unique by virtue of being superior to anything else; peerless
one and only
- (adjective) incomparable; unique
- (as noun) the object of all one's loveyou are my one and only
without anyone or anything else being included; aloneyou have one choice only; only a genius can do that
merely or justit's only Henry
no more or no greater thanwe met only an hour ago
Irish (intensifier)she was only marvellous; it was only dreadful
used in conditional clauses introduced by if to emphasize the impossibility of the condition ever being fulfilledif I had only known, this would never have happened
not earlier than; not…untilI only found out yesterday
if only an expression used to introduce a wish, esp one felt to be unrealizable
only if never…except when
- (intensifier)he was only too pleased to help
- most regrettably (esp in the phrase only too true)
but; however: used to introduce an exception or conditionplay outside: only don't go into the street
Word Origin for only
Old English ānlīc, from ān one + -līc -ly ²
In informal English, only is often used as a sentence connector: I would have phoned you, only I didn't know your number. This use should be avoided in formal writing: I would have phoned you if I'd known your number. In formal speech and writing, only is placed directly before the word or words that it modifies: she could interview only three applicants in the morning. In all but the most formal contexts, however, it is generally regarded as acceptable to put only before the verb: she could only interview three applicants in the morning. Care must be taken not to create ambiguity, esp in written English, in which intonation will not, as it does in speech, help to show to which item in the sentence only applies. A sentence such as she only drinks tea in the afternoon is capable of two interpretations and is therefore better rephrased either as she drinks only tea in the afternoon (i.e. no other drink) or she drinks tea only in the afternoon (i.e. at no other time)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Idioms and Phrases with only
In addition to the idioms beginning with only
- only game in town, the
- only too
- beauty is only skin deep
- have an eye (eyes only) for
- if only
- in name only
- not the only fish in the sea
- one and only
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.