[of-thal-mee-uh, op-]


inflammation of the eye, especially of its membranes or external structures.

Origin of ophthalmia

1350–1400; < Late Latin < Greek ophthalmía, equivalent to ophthalm(ós) eye + -ia -ia; replacing Middle English obtalmia < Medieval Latin, Late Latin as above
Related formsoph·thal·mi·ac [of-thal-mee-ak, op-] /ɒfˈθæl miˌæk, ɒp-/, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for ophthalmia

Historical Examples of ophthalmia

British Dictionary definitions for ophthalmia



inflammation of the eye, often including the conjunctiva

Word Origin for ophthalmia

C16: via Late Latin from Greek, from ophthalmos eye; see optic
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ophthalmia

"inflammation of the eye, conjunctivitis," late 14c., from Medieval Latin obtalmia, Old French obtalmie, from Late Latin ophthalmia, or directly from Greek ophthalmia, from ophthalmos (see ophthalmo-) + -ia.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for ophthalmia


[ŏf-thălmē-ə, ŏp-]


Severe, often purulent conjunctivitis.
Inflammation of the deep eye structures.ophthalmitis
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.