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optimum

[op-tuh-muh m]
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noun, plural op·ti·ma [op-tuh-muh] /ˈɒp tə mə/, op·ti·mums.
  1. the best or most favorable point, degree, amount, etc., as of temperature, light, and moisture for the growth or reproduction of an organism.
  2. the greatest degree or best result obtained or obtainable under specific conditions.
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adjective
  1. most favorable or desirable; best: optimum conditions.
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Origin of optimum

1875–80; < Latin: noun use of neuter of optimus best, suppletive superlative of bonus good

Synonyms

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3. ideal, perfect, optimal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for optimum

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Nothing is more pleasant than a day of this optimum kind in May or June.

  • Cultivation has been carried far beyond the optimum regions.

    The Apple-Tree

    L. H. Bailey

  • My cousin, young Denny Swinton, was to dine with me that evening at the Optimum.

    Phroso

    Anthony Hope

  • It will be very seldom that a plant is likely to be found at the optimum.

    Life Movements in Plants

    Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose

  • In the present case the optimum temperature is in the neighbourhood of 35C.

    Life Movements in Plants

    Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose


British Dictionary definitions for optimum

optimum

noun plural -ma (-mə) or -mums
  1. a condition, degree, amount or compromise that produces the best possible result
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adjective
  1. most favourable or advantageous; bestoptimum conditions
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Word Origin

C19: from Latin: the best (thing), from optimus best; see optimism
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for optimum

n.

1879, from Latin optimum, neuter singular of optimus "best" (used as a superlative of bonus "good"), probably related to ops "power, resources" (in which case the evolution is from "richest" to "the most esteemed," thus from PIE root *op- "to work") or to ob "in front of," with superlative suffix *-tumos. Originally in biology, in reference to "conditions most favorable" (for growth, etc.). As an adjective from 1885.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper