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orgulous

[ awr-gyuh-luhs, ‐guh‐ ]
/ ˈɔr gyə ləs, ‐gə‐ /
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adjective

Archaic. haughty; proud.

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Origin of orgulous

1200–50; Middle English orguillous, orguilleus<Old French orgueillos equivalent orgueil pride (earlier orgoil<Germanic *urgōlī; compare Old High German urguol outstanding, Old English orgol pride) + -os-ous
or·gu·lous·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

VOCAB BUILDER

What does orgulous mean?

Orgulous is an adjective meaning proud or haughty (arrogantly snobby).

Orgulous is an archaic term, meaning it’s very rarely used anymore. You’re more likely to encounter it in older literary works than in everyday conversation. It was used by William Shakespeare, Virginia Woolf, and James Joyce, for example.

Example: These orgulous aristocrats wouldn’t dare to be seen mingling with commoners.

Where does orgulous come from?

Orgulous was borrowed from the Old French orgueillos, an equivalent of orgueil, meaning “pride,” combined with the suffix -ous, meaning “full of.”

Orgulous is recorded in English around 1200–50. It was in somewhat regular usage until the 1600s, when Shakespeare used it (just once) in his tragedy Troilus and Cressida: “The princes orgulous, their high blood chafed” (sounds like some serious haughtiness). After that, it fell out of use until writers in the 1800s—notably Robert Southey and Sir Walter Scott—began including it to invoke an archaic quality in their language. Its use increased after that, and James Joyce even pulled it out in his 1922 masterpiece Ulysses.

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What are some other forms of orgulous?

What are some synonyms for orgulous?

How is orgulous used in real life?

Because orgulous is best known for its use in olden literary works, people using it today often try to mimic that style for humorous effect.

 

 

Try using orgulous!

Which of the words below is the opposite of orgulous?

A. haughty
B. humble
C. smug
D. proud

British Dictionary definitions for orgulous

orgulous
/ (ˈɔːɡjʊləs) /

adjective

archaic proud
C13: from Old French, from orgueil pride, from Frankish urgōli (unattested)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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