[ awr-thog-ruh-fee ]
/ ɔrˈθɒg rə fi /

noun, plural or·thog·ra·phies for 3–5.

the art of writing words with the proper letters, according to accepted usage; correct spelling.
the part of language study concerned with letters and spelling.
a method of spelling, as by the use of an alphabet or other system of symbols; spelling.
a system of such symbols: Missionaries provided the first orthography for the language.
an orthographic projection, or an elevation drawn by means of it.

Origin of orthography

1425–75; late Middle English ortografye < Latin orthographia correct writing, orthogonal projection < Greek orthographía. See ortho-, -graphy
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for orthography

British Dictionary definitions for orthography


/ (ɔːˈθɒɡrəfɪ) /

noun plural -phies

a writing system
  1. spelling considered to be correct
  2. the principles underlying spelling
the study of spelling
orthographic projection
Derived Formsorthographer or orthographist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for orthography



"correct or proper spelling," mid-15c., ortographie, from Middle French orthographie (Old French ortografie, 13c.), from Latin orthographia, from Greek orthographia "correct writing," from orthos "correct" (see ortho-) + root of graphein "to write" (see -graphy). Related: Orthographer.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper