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oscillation

[os-uh-ley-shuh n]
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noun
  1. an act or instance of oscillating.
  2. a single swing or movement in one direction of an oscillating body.
  3. fluctuation between beliefs, opinions, conditions, etc.
  4. Physics.
    1. an effect expressible as a quantity that repeatedly and regularly fluctuates above and below some mean value, as the pressure of a sound wave or the voltage of an alternating current.
    2. a single fluctuation between maximum and minimum values in such an effect.
  5. Mathematics.
    1. the difference between the least upper bound and the greatest lower bound of the functional values of a function in a given interval.
    2. Also called saltus.the limit of the oscillation in an interval containing a given point, as the length of the interval approaches zero.
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Origin of oscillation

1650–60; < Latin oscillātiōn- (stem of oscillātiō) a swinging, equivalent to oscillāt(us) (see oscillate) + -iōn- -ion
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for oscillation

oscillation

noun
  1. physics statistics
    1. regular fluctuation in value, position, or state about a mean value, such as the variation in an alternating current or the regular swinging of a pendulum
    2. a single cycle of such a fluctuation
  2. the act or process of oscillating
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Derived Formsoscillatory (ˈɒsɪlətərɪ, -trɪ), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for oscillation

n.

1650s, from French oscillation, from Latin oscillationem (nominative oscillatio), noun of action from past participle stem of oscillare "to swing," supposed to be from oscillum "little face," literally "little mouth," a mask of open-mouthed Bacchus hung up in vineyards as a charm (the sense evolution would be via the notion of "swing in the breeze"); from PIE *os- "mouth" (see oral).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

oscillation in Medicine

oscillation

(ŏs′ə-lāshən)
n.
  1. The act of oscillating.
  2. The state of being oscillated.
  3. A single oscillatory cycle.
  4. A stage in inflammation in which the accumulation of white blood cells in the small vessels arrests the passage of blood, thus causing a to-and-fro movement of the blood at each cardiac contraction.
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Related formsos′cil•lation•al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

oscillation in Science

oscillation

[ŏs′ə-lāshən]
  1. A repeating fluctuation in a physical object or quantity. See also attractor harmonic motion.
  2. A single cycle of such fluctuation.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.