verb (used with object), ox·i·dized, ox·i·diz·ing.
to convert (an element) into an oxide; combine with oxygen. to cover with a coating of oxide or rust.
to take away hydrogen, as by the action of oxygen; add oxygen or any nonmetal.
to remove electrons from (an atom or molecule), thereby increasing the valence.Compare reduce(def 12).
verb (used without object), ox·i·dized, ox·i·diz·ing.
to become oxidized.
(especially of white wine) to lose freshness after prolonged exposure to air and often to darken in color.
Also especially British, ox·i·dise.
Origin of oxidize
Related formsox·i·diz·a·ble, ox·i·da·ble [ok-si-duh-buh l] /ˈɒk sɪ də bəl/, adjectiveox·i·diz·a·bil·i·ty, nounan·ti·ox·i·diz·ing, adjectivehalf-ox·i·dized, adjectivenon·ox·i·diz·a·ble, adjectivenon·ox·i·diz·ing, adjectiveo·ver·ox·i·dize, verb o·ver·ox·i·dized, o·ver·ox·i·diz·ing.re·ox·i·dize, verb, re·ox·i·dized, re·ox·i·diz·ing.un·der·ox·i·dize, verb (used with object), un·der·ox·i·dized, un·der·ox·i·diz·ing.un·ox·i·diz·a·ble, adjectiveun·ox·i·dized, adjective
First recorded in 1795–1805; oxide
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for oxidize
Contemporary Examples of oxidize
Historical Examples of oxidize
British Dictionary definitions for oxidize
Derived Formsoxidization or oxidisation, noun
to undergo or cause to undergo a chemical reaction with oxygen, as in formation of an oxide
to form or cause to form a layer of metal oxide, as in rusting
to lose or cause to lose hydrogen atoms
to undergo or cause to undergo a decrease in the number of electronsCompare reduce (def. 12c)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for oxidize
1802 (implied in oxidizable), from oxide + -ize. Related: Oxidized; oxidizing; oxidization.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
To combine with oxygen; change into an oxide.
To increase the positive charge or valence of an element by removing electrons.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
To undergo or cause to undergo oxidation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.