pallium

[pal-ee-uh m]

noun, plural pal·li·a [pal-ee-uh] /ˈpæl i ə/, pal·li·ums.

a large, rectangular mantle worn by men in ancient Greece and Rome.
Ecclesiastical.
  1. a woolen vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops, consisting, in its present form, of a narrow ringlike band that rests on the shoulders, with two dependent bands or lappets, one in front and one behind.
  2. an altar cloth; a pall.
Anatomy. the entire cortex of the cerebrum.
Zoology. a mantle, as of a mollusk or bird.

Origin of pallium

before 1150; Old English < Latin (not attested in ME); see pall1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for pallium

pallium

noun plural -lia (-lɪə) or -liums

a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
mainly RC Church a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops
Also called: mantle anatomy the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
zoology another name for mantle (def. 5)

Word Origin for pallium

C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for pallium

pallium

[pălē-əm]

n. pl. pal•li•ums

The mantle of gray matter with the underlying white substance.brain mantle mantle
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.