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pallium

[pal-ee-uh m]
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noun, plural pal·li·a [pal-ee-uh] /ˈpæl i ə/, pal·li·ums.
  1. a large, rectangular mantle worn by men in ancient Greece and Rome.
  2. Ecclesiastical.
    1. a woolen vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops, consisting, in its present form, of a narrow ringlike band that rests on the shoulders, with two dependent bands or lappets, one in front and one behind.
    2. an altar cloth; a pall.
  3. Anatomy. the entire cortex of the cerebrum.
  4. Zoology. a mantle, as of a mollusk or bird.
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Origin of pallium

before 1150; Old English < Latin (not attested in ME); see pall1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

veilcoveringblanketcapewrapcurtainscreenpallium

Examples from the Web for pallium

Historical Examples

  • Above the stola, women wore a mantle called palla or pallium.

    Museum of Antiquity

    L. W. Yaggy

  • When, you go out with me everyone looks round as if I had a stain on my pallium.

  • Peter is giving the pallium to the Pope, and a standard to Charlemagne.

    The Innocents Abroad

    Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)

  • To the base of each bullet is attached a thin wire of pallium.

    The Mystery of Choice

    Robert William Chambers

  • He acknowledged Urban as Pope, and conferred the pallium upon Anselm.


British Dictionary definitions for pallium

pallium

noun plural -lia (-lɪə) or -liums
  1. a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
  2. mainly RC Church a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops
  3. Also called: mantle anatomy the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
  4. zoology another name for mantle (def. 5)
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Word Origin

C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

pallium in Medicine

pallium

(pălē-əm)
n. pl. pal•li•ums
  1. The mantle of gray matter with the underlying white substance.brain mantle mantle
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.