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paradox

[par-uh-doks]
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noun
  1. a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
  2. a self-contradictory and false proposition.
  3. any person, thing, or situation exhibiting an apparently contradictory nature.
  4. an opinion or statement contrary to commonly accepted opinion.
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Origin of paradox

1530–40; < Latin paradoxum < Greek parádoxon, noun use of neuter of parádoxos unbelievable, literally, beyond belief. See para-1, orthodox
Related formspar·a·dox·i·cal, par·a·dox·al, adjectivepar·a·dox·ol·o·gy, noun

Synonyms for paradox

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for paradox

mystery, oddity, anomaly, enigma, ambiguity, absurdity, inconsistency, reverse, opposite, nonsense, error, catch, mistake, catch-22

Examples from the Web for paradox

Contemporary Examples of paradox

Historical Examples of paradox

  • The whole is a ruin, yet intact, if I may be pardoned the paradox.

    The Roof of France

    Matilda Betham-Edwards

  • Paradox alone could hint the condition of her mind just then.

    A Spirit in Prison

    Robert Hichens

  • Are you saying this as a paradox, Dionysodorus; or do you seriously maintain no man to be ignorant?

  • A paradox this to Maimon, and roundly denied as impossible when he first heard of it.

  • To a Frenchman, everything is a platitude that is not a paradox.


British Dictionary definitions for paradox

paradox

noun
  1. a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement that is or may be truereligious truths are often expressed in paradox
  2. a self-contradictory proposition, such as I always tell lies
  3. a person or thing exhibiting apparently contradictory characteristics
  4. an opinion that conflicts with common belief
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Derived Formsparadoxical, adjectiveparadoxically, adverb

Word Origin for paradox

C16: from Late Latin paradoxum, from Greek paradoxos opposed to existing notions, from para- 1 + doxa opinion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for paradox

n.

1530s, "statement contrary to common belief or expectation," from Middle French paradoxe (14c.) and directly from Latin paradoxum "paradox, statement seemingly absurd yet really true," from Greek paradoxon, noun use of neuter of adjective paradoxos "contrary to expectation, incredible," from para- "contrary to" (see para- (1)) + doxa "opinion," from dokein "to appear, seem, think" (see decent). Meaning "statement that is seemingly self-contradictory yet not illogical or obviously untrue" is from 1560s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

paradox in Medicine

paradox

(părə-dŏks′)
n.
  1. That which is apparently, though not actually, inconsistent with or opposed to the known facts in any case.
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Related formspar′a•doxi•cal adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

paradox in Culture

paradox

A statement that seems contradictory or absurd but is actually valid or true. According to one proverbial paradox, we must sometimes be cruel in order to be kind. Another form of paradox is a statement that truly is contradictory and yet follows logically from other statements that do not seem open to objection. If someone says, “I am lying,” for example, and we assume that his statement is true, it must be false. The paradox is that the statement “I am lying” is false if it is true.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.