paramagnet

[ par-uh-mag-nit, par-uh-mag- ]
/ ˌpær əˈmæg nɪt, ˈpær əˌmæg- /

noun Physics.

a body or substance that, placed in a magnetic field, possesses magnetization in direct proportion to the field strength; a substance in which the magnetic moments of the atoms are not aligned.

Origin of paramagnet

1905–10; back formation from paramagnetic; see para-1, magnet

Related forms

par·a·mag·net·ism, nounpar·a·mag·net·ic [par-uh-mag-net-ik] /ˌpær ə mægˈnɛt ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for paramagnetism

British Dictionary definitions for paramagnetism

paramagnetism

/ (ˌpærəˈmæɡnɪˌtɪzəm) /

noun

physics the phenomenon exhibited by substances that have a relative permeability slightly greater than unity and a positive susceptibility. The effect is due to the alignment of unpaired spins of electrons in atoms of the materialCompare diamagnetism, ferromagnetism

Derived Forms

paramagnetic (ˌpærəmæɡˈnɛtɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Science definitions for paramagnetism

paramagnetism

[ păr′ə-măgnĭ-tĭz′əm ]

The property of being weakly attracted to either pole of a magnet. Paramagnetic materials, such as aluminum and platinum, become slightly magnetized when exposed to a magnetic field, but they lose their magnetism when the field is removed. When these materials are magnetized by a nearby magnet, the orientation of their north and sole poles results in their being attracted to the closest pole of the magnet. Compare diamagnetism ferromagnetism.
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